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Lecture 6

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Semester
Winter

Description
PSYB30 Personality Feb 052011 Lecture 06 Gender Segregation Eleanor Maccoby: we still see gender segregation to this day Maccoby noted that this gender segregation has a history. Doesnt just show up in adulthood, but the segregation goes back to childhood In childhood we see clear preferences for segregated play boys play with boys, and girls with girls. This is universal. Gender segregation emerges spontaneously in situations in which children are not under pressure from parents to engage in cross-sex interaction This behaviour becomes increasingly expressed over childhood. The ration of same-sex to cross-sex interaction is 3:1 at age four and 11:1 at age 6 War Games & Tea Parties Boys in Same-Sex interaction: Use commands, threats, boasts of authority refuse to comply with another boys requestdemand interrupt one another, heckle a speaker, call one another names Girls in Same-Sex interaction: Pause to give another girl a chance to speak express agreement with what someone else has said acknowledge anothers point at the start of a speaking turn So in this early age, girls and boys seem to be practising and rehearsing the very behaviours by which men and women are later stereotyped What does this lead us to hypothesize about the nature of gender differences? Hypotheses for Social Behaviour Boys and girls tend to socialize in gender-segregate groups. These socialization experiences in childhood should profoundly influence adult social behaviour When we grow up, well act similarly in same-sex social situations Men act Agentically with other men Women act Communally with other women However, in cross-sex interactions (men with women and women with me), these gender differences are no longer apparent because these situations differ in the context from which their gender stereotyped behaviours were learned Gender, Situation, & Behaviour Study: In terms of Agentic behaviour: study confirms that when men are in the presence of other men, their agentic behaviours become exceptionally more apparent When men are with opp. Sex friends or romantic partners, men and women have the same level of agentic-ness www.notesolution.com
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