The process of evaluating individual differences through tests, interviews, and observations
Systematic, standardized procedures for observing, measuring, and recording behaviours and
What makes a good personality test?
Of special concern in test development:
Types of PersonalityAssessment
NEO - PI (r)
Rorschach Inkblot Test
Dreams represented the unconscious desires of the dreamer
Face-to-face meeting to get information about someone’s personality, current
psychological state, personal history, etc.
Social desirability Observation
Professional personality assessors
People who actually know the target person
Naturalistic vs.Artificial Observation
Objective Personality Measures
Involve standard set of questions or statements.
Responses compared to established norms.
From responses, develop a picture called a ‘personality profile’
Possible response options:
T/F or Y/N
Test, scale, measure, or instrument
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Edition
One of the most widely used personality tests
Originally published in 1943 to measure of psychopathology
Norms based on profiles of normal people and psychiatric patients
10 scales that result in a profile that integrates these clinical dimension of pathology and
personality: Hypochondriasis, Depression, Hysteria, Psychopathic Deviate, Masculinity-
Femininity, Paranoia, Psychasthenia, Schizophrenia, Hypomania, and Social Introversion
Sample MMPI-2 Interpretation
The patient’s MMPI-2 profile is valid. Mr.Anderson approached the MMPI-2 in an
honest and open manner, willing to admit his faults without being overly self-critical.
His responses suggest a severe degree of psychiatric symptomatology and general
Mr.Anderson’s profile suggests that he experiences severe anxiety and emotional
distress. Individuals with similar profiles feel chronically anxious, tense, and agitated.
They tend to be shy and do not interact well socially. They may have unwanted and
disturbing thoughts and often fear loss of emotional and cognitive control. Similar
individuals feel overwhelmed by the responsibilities of daily life and may become
confused, disorganized, and maladaptive under stress. Mr.Anderson’s profile
indicates that he experiences chronic feelings of depression. He tends to feel unhappy, helpless, and pessimistic about the future. Individuals