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Lecture 4

Lecture 4 Personality Assessment

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Connie Boudens

PersonalityAssessment The process of evaluating individual differences through tests, interviews, and observations Systematic, standardized procedures for observing, measuring, and recording behaviours and personality features. What makes a good personality test? Reliability across: Time Items Raters Validity Construct Face Criterion Of special concern in test development: Convergent validity Discriminant validity Types of PersonalityAssessment Dream analysis Interviews Observation Objective Tests MMPI MBTI NEO - PI (r) Projective Tests Sentence completion Rorschach Inkblot Test ThematicApperception Test Dream Analysis Psychodynamic approach Dreams represented the unconscious desires of the dreamer Interviews Face-to-face meeting to get information about someone’s personality, current psychological state, personal history, etc. Unstructured Structured Potential biases Confirmation Bias Halo effect Social desirability Observation Direct surveillance Selecting observers Professional personality assessors People who actually know the target person Naturalistic vs.Artificial Observation Objective Personality Measures Involve standard set of questions or statements. Responses compared to established norms. From responses, develop a picture called a ‘personality profile’ Possible response options: T/F or Y/N Dimensional scale Visual analog Adjective checklist Terminology Administration Test, scale, measure, or instrument Item ND Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 Edition One of the most widely used personality tests Originally published in 1943 to measure of psychopathology Norms based on profiles of normal people and psychiatric patients 10 scales that result in a profile that integrates these clinical dimension of pathology and personality: Hypochondriasis, Depression, Hysteria, Psychopathic Deviate, Masculinity- Femininity, Paranoia, Psychasthenia, Schizophrenia, Hypomania, and Social Introversion Sample MMPI-2 Interpretation The patient’s MMPI-2 profile is valid. Mr.Anderson approached the MMPI-2 in an honest and open manner, willing to admit his faults without being overly self-critical. His responses suggest a severe degree of psychiatric symptomatology and general distress. Mr.Anderson’s profile suggests that he experiences severe anxiety and emotional distress. Individuals with similar profiles feel chronically anxious, tense, and agitated. They tend to be shy and do not interact well socially. They may have unwanted and disturbing thoughts and often fear loss of emotional and cognitive control. Similar individuals feel overwhelmed by the responsibilities of daily life and may become confused, disorganized, and maladaptive under stress. Mr.Anderson’s profile indicates that he experiences chronic feelings of depression. He tends to feel unhappy, helpless, and pessimistic about the future. Individuals
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