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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 Traits (part 2)

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Connie Boudens

Traits Part II The Big Five +?  Honesty-Humility?  Introverted component of agreeableness?  Intelligence?  Conceptually like openness  Loads on conscientiousness  Spiritual transcendence / religiosity  May be separate from Big 5  Sexuality?  Attractiveness, exclusivity, restraint, orientation etc  Overlap w/ Big 5 Is the FFM Universal?  Artifact of development with WEIRD participants?  Derived in English using lexical approach  Assumes other languages will have words for same ideas  Validated in over 50 countries  Indigenous measures get similar results except:  Extraversion, agreeableness not always distinct  Openness varies  Unique traits?  More than 5 traits needed in some cultures Reliability of FFM lower in less developed countries  Potential reasons:  Translations  Item relevance  Familiarity with test format  Representative samples FFM in Tsimane culture (Gerven, von Rueden, Massenkoff, Kaplan, & Lero Vie, 2012)  Used translated version of FFM  Factor analysis showed 2 factors  Combo off E and A(prosociality?)  Industriousness  Meta-analysis of the relationship btw Big 5 traits and leadership (Judge, Bono, Ilies, & Gerhardt, 2002)  Meta-analysis: technique for combining findings from studies  E most consistent correlate of leadership  followed by C, O, and N (-)  Ahad very low correlation with leadership Career/work  Personality testing often used in HR  MBTI common measure of match btw people and work  Jung’s Psychological Types • introversion – extroversion • 4 psychological functions • thinking – feeling • sensation – intuition • 8 psychological types Introversion  Draws energy from within Extraversion  Draws energy from environment The Four Functions  Thinking and Feeling  ways of making decisions or judgments  Sensation and Intuition  ways of getting information about the world The eight psychological types • introverted thinking • introverted feeling • introverted sensation • introverted intuition • extroverted thinking • extroverted feeling • extroverted sensation • extroverted intuition Elaboration by Briggs & Myers  Added 3rd function: Judgment and perception (How you relate to the external world)  16 Psychological Types in MBTI Work Application of MBTI Extraversion  Jumps In, Initiating  Sociability  Interaction  Thinks out loud  Breadth  Expressive
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