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Lecture

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Connie Boudens
Semester
Winter

Description
Personality Lecture #1 - Jan. 9/13 Personality Psychology Introduction Common Ways of Thinking of Personality -Good personality - global quality, often contrasted with attractiveness -Energy or liveliness - person has "personality" or "a lot of personality" - good person to be around, they're extraverted The Scientific Study of Personality -more complex, do not think of it as a global quality, it has many more components -more nuanced -there are not just 2 types of people "grumpy cat picture" -personality tests, there are better validated empirically tests unlike the pig personality test - the measures that are used are better validated empirically Personality Defined An organized and relatively enduring set of psychological traits and mechanisms that influences a person’s interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment. Elements of definition:  organized - set of traits and mechanisms that are not a collection of things, they work in relationship to each other and they are organized in some way that allows them to work together as one unit  relatively enduring - overtime, a person is going to exhibit these particular qualities and also over situations, therefore, if a person is different from situation to situation then that wouldn’t be considered an aspect of their personality  traitAND mechanisms - mechanisms is the way the person interacts with environment, how particular things impact on the person to create a certain effect, - within people these mechanisms will work in the same way over time and situations to some degree  interactions with, adaptations to environment - what we consider to be personality is only going to be evident when that person is interacting with something in his/her environment and that can be anything, it can be a task or situation - the persons personality affects the way that they interact with the environment and the way that they adapt to the environment so if the environment makes certain demands on them their personality is going to influence the changes that they make or the way that they respond to the pressures that the environment is putting on them Main Issues of Interest to Personality Psychologists  What is basic nature of people? - understanding where it comes from, how it varies from one person to the next person, and how it influences their behaviour  Is human behaviour internally or externally determined?  How consistent is personality? under what conditions does a person behave in a way that is not consistent to their personality  Do we have control over internal states and behaviour? to what extent can we do this? is it affected by gender?  Is present and future behaviour determined by past behavior?  How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of personality? 1 Personality Lecture #1 - Jan. 9/13  How do our personalities help us to adjust to the environment? Areas of Interest and Research  Originally, psychologists sought to understand the whole of personality (see “grand theories of personality”) that would basically explain everything about a person's personality - try to use one large theory to explain all aspects of human functioning  Modern work is done within one of a number of sub-areas or domains “Building Blocks” of Personality  Trait/Dispositional  Biological  Self and Identity  Intrapsychic  Regulatory and motivational  Cognitive-Experiential  Social and Cultural  Trait / Dispositional  Looks at the ways in which individuals differ  Focus on number and nature of fundamental traits people have - essentially try to look for basic traits that are best at describing differences between people  Goals of work in area:  Identify and measure most important ways individuals differ and to figure out how to measure those differences  Origin (where it came from) and development of individual differences  Interaction btw trait and situations- situations have an impact and what impact the trait has on a particular situation or vice versa  Biological Domain concerns physical elements and biological systems that influence or are influenced by b
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