Personality Psychology Introduction PSYB30 Lec 1
• An organized and relatively enduring set of psychological traits and mechanisms that
influences a person’s interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment.
Main Issues of Interest
• What is basic nature of people?
• Is human beh. internally or externally determined?
• How consistent is personality?
• Do we have control over internal states and behaviour?
• Is present and future behaviour determined by past behavior?
• How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of personality?
• How do our personalities help us to adjust to the environment?
Areas of Interest and Research
• Originally, psychologists sought to understand the whole of personality (see “grand
theories of personality”)
• Modern work usu within one of a number of sub-areas or domains
“Building Blocks” of Personality
• Self and Identity
• Regulatory and motivational
• Social and Cultural
Trait / Dispositional
• Ways in which individuals differ
• Focus on number and nature of fundamental traits
• Identify and measure most important ways individuals differ
• psychometrics design and measure human functioning using pencil and paper
• Origin and development of individual differences and how they develop over time
and change with experiences over lifecourse or not
• Interaction btw trait and situations, what impacts certain situations have on traits
and vice versa Biological Domain
Physical elements and biological systems that influence or are influenced by behaviours,
• Behavioral genetics of personality
• extent to which traits are Genetics, vs . environmental or learned (proportions)
• Psychophysiology of personality: bio influence on psychology inc. neuro factors IE
arousal level, amygdala in fear and anger/emotion
• Evolutionary personality psychology:
• Behaviour as evolved adaptations, assumed that traits survived proved some
advantage in the past therefore made it through evolution IE being around other
people, mating, solve