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PSYB30 Lecture 1 Notes.doc

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Connie Boudens

Personality Psychology Introduction PSYB30 Lec 1 Personality Defined • An organized and relatively enduring set of psychological traits and mechanisms that influences a person’s interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment. Main Issues of Interest • What is basic nature of people? • Is human beh. internally or externally determined? • How consistent is personality? • Do we have control over internal states and behaviour? • Is present and future behaviour determined by past behavior? • How adaptive (positive) are certain aspects of personality? • How do our personalities help us to adjust to the environment? Areas of Interest and Research • Originally, psychologists sought to understand the whole of personality (see “grand theories of personality”) • Modern work usu within one of a number of sub-areas or domains “Building Blocks” of Personality • Trait/Dispositional • Biological • Self and Identity • Intrapsychic • Regulatory and motivational • Cognitive-Experiential • Social and Cultural Trait / Dispositional • Ways in which individuals differ • Focus on number and nature of fundamental traits • Goals: • Identify and measure most important ways individuals differ • psychometrics design and measure human functioning using pencil and paper tests • Origin and development of individual differences and how they develop over time and change with experiences over lifecourse or not • Interaction btw trait and situations, what impacts certain situations have on traits and vice versa Biological Domain Physical elements and biological systems that influence or are influenced by behaviours, thoughts, feelings • Behavioral genetics of personality • extent to which traits are Genetics, vs . environmental or learned (proportions) • Psychophysiology of personality: bio influence on psychology inc. neuro factors IE arousal level, amygdala in fear and anger/emotion • Evolutionary personality psychology: • Behaviour as evolved adaptations, assumed that traits survived proved some advantage in the past therefore made it through evolution IE being around other people, mating, solve
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