Class Notes (809,509)
Canada (493,754)
Psychology (7,623)
PSYB30H3 (526)

Chapter 3 notes.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Connie Boudens

Chapter 3: Personality Traits- Practical Matters It is possible to judge someone’s personality from his or her handshake. The various scales of handshakes:  Strength  vigor  Grip  duration  Dryness  eye contact  temperature  texture Results of the handshake experiment:  men had firmer handshakes than women  personality for 3/5 factors was significantly correlated with this firm handshake composition  neurotic participants tended to have a weak handshake, whereas those who were more emotionally stable had a firmer handshake  extraverts had a firmer handshake than introverts  women with a firmer handshake were more open to experience than women who were softer Adjectival Clusters beyond the Five Factors: 1. Religious, devout, reverent 6. Conservative, traditional, down-to-earth 2. Sly, deceptive, manipulative 7. Masculine-feminine 3. Honest, ethical, moral 8. Egotistical, conceited, snobbish 4. Sexy, sensual, erotic 9. Humorous, witty, amusing 5. Thrifty, frugal, miserly 10. Risk taking, thrill seeking Spiritual transcendence: ability of individuals to “stand outside of their immediate sense of time and place to view life from a larger, more objective perspective” - includes personal search for a greater connection rather than a spiritual encounter with a higher being - the spiritual transcendence scale (STS) has 3 facets:  prayer fulfillment  feelings of joy & contentedness (feeling belongingness to and social responsibility and gratitude for, others across generations and across social groups) from connection with the transcendent  universality; seeing humanity as a single interrelated whole such that harming 1 harms all 7 sexuality factors referred to as the Sexy Seven: sexual attractiveness- sexy, stunning, attractive relationship exclusivity- faithful, monogamous, not promiscuous gender orientation-feminine, womanly, manly, masculine sexual restraint- virginal, celibate, chaste erotophilic disposition- obscene, vulgar, lewd emotional investment-loving, romantic, compassionate sexual orientation- straight, gay, bi-sexual Schmitt and Buss discovered that the sexuality factors overlap almost 80% with the 5 factors, suggesting that they are not really separate factors THE 5 FACTORS FROM OTHER CULTURES Indigenous traits: traits originating in another language and which are unique to a culture Indigenous/Unique Personality traits: Philotimo- (Greek) is polite, generous, responsible, respectful, & has strong sense of honor Filial piety- (Chinese) a very desirable personality trait and is much more than obeying and honoring one’s parents; it is caring for the mental and physical well-being of one’s elderly parents, continuing the family line, and brining honor to one’s family and ancestors Amae- (Japanese) a person whom others depend on, they have a strong social obligation to take care of others. It characterizes relationships between people of lower and higher status, such as bosses and workers, in addition to the relationship between parents and children Cheong- (Korean) human affection Hishkama karma- (Indian) detachment Simpatia- (Mexican) avoidance of conflict Pakikisama- (Filipino) going along with others 5 Main finding of the five factors in other cultures:  Questionnaire measures of 5-factor model reliably replicate across many cultures & languages  Adjectival measures of the big 5 reveal variations of neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness but not openness in many different cultures  In some cultures more than 5 factors are needed to fully describe personality  We need more research on indigenous personality to truly see which aspects of personality are universal and which are unique to a culture Cheung et al. developed the Chinese Personality Assessment Inventory (CPAI) by using a sort of lexical approach by identifying description of Chinese personality from literature, proverbs, surveys, and previous research. This led to the identification of 10 trait clusters unique to the Chinese personality: Harmony- tolerance, contentment Ren Qing- traditional relationship orientation emphasizing give and take and connectedness Modernization- vs. traditionalism Thrift- vs. extravagance Ah-Q mentality- defensiveness Graciousness- courtesy, kindness, patience, vs. meanness Veraciousness-Slickness- trustworthiness Face- reputation, social approval Family orientation and somatization- expression of distress via physical symptoms Interpersonal relatedness: indigenous personality factor made up of Harmony, Ren Qing, Ah-Q, & Face Triangulation (process of using multiple methods within a single
More Less

Related notes for PSYB30H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.