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Lecture 15

Lecture 15 Notes

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Oren Amitay

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Lecture 15Characteristics Adaptations ConclusionHuman DevelopmentErik EriksonTheory of Psychosocial DevelopmentReformulation of Freuds psychosexual developmentErikson reconceptualizes each of the Fruedian stages and he also extends Freud model beyond childhood and emphasizes adulthood and across the life spanImportant aspects of his theoryStagesTasksIssuesVirtuesStrength2 key ideas underlying Erikson thinking1The Epigenetic PrinciplePersonality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of stages that all people must pass throughEach stage presents a challenge or issue and it must be confrontedDoesnt mean we will always resolve it and succeedOptimal TimeFor each of these challeneges there is an optimal time and it is crucial that we undertake them at a particular timeIt cannot be rushed and cannot be stalledVirtuea psychosocial strength that comes from having adequately addressed a challengeFavorable balancethese tasks involve conflicts with two outcomesthe virtue or strength is to be found between those two outcomesyou can have an excess or deficiency in the characteristic youre supposed to inherit A failure to resolve a challenge could lead to an excess or defficiency The goal is to have the perfect balance between thema balance2 Triple Bookkeepingpersons life must be understood on 3 levels of analysisIf you want to describe a persons functioning you must consider thesebodybody and the sexual urges housed within the bodya description of the persons functioning must consider this aspect of functioningthe egopersons conscious understand of the worldunderemphasized in Freudian thinkingfamilysocietylook at developmental history in relation to the context of family history and society in order to understand individual
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