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Lecture 13

Lecture 13 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Oren Amitay

Personality Lecture 13Moving away from Motivations which vary according to person to needs that are universal to all humansClassical HumanismHumanistic Approaches to PsychologyKarl RogersAbraham MaslowthHumanism emerges in the 20 century as the third organizing force in American psychology3 main traditionsPsychoanalysis Dark view of human natureBehaviourism Adopted a neutral view of human natureHumanist Tradition A more optimistic view of human natureHumanismHumans are inherently good we all have potentials and are designed to realize these potentials Whether or not we do is a function of our environment The humanist gives more credit to our ability to consciously regulateour behaviours Were not blind to our own motivations contrary to what psychoanalytic view presumesKey Figure in HumanismKarl Rogersoffered a theory of personalityclientcentered therapyunlike others who presumed that there were several motivations but he believed there was a single motivation underlying all behaviours to actualize maintain and enhance the organismWe all have a trueself the person we are intended to become Were in the processing of becoming who we are meant to beWe are on this existential journeyThere are environments that will support this development and ones that derail itHow do you know if youre on the right track and making the right choicesOrganismic Valuing ProcessRogers believed that theres this mechanism inside of us that informs us organismic valueing processThis is the voice that tells us whethere what were doing is right or wrongIts an intuitive structure that will tell you if somethings contributing to your developing sense of selfFullyFunctioning PersonSurrounding Environment must support the person in order to become a fully functioning personSsomeone who actualizes full potential and brings out the selfTraitsOpenness to Experiencefree of the need to defensively distort their experiences Theyre able to listen attentively to the stimuli within and out in the environmentnondefensive and receptive to reality bodily realitysocial reality
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