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Lecture 18

Lecture 18 Notes

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Oren Amitay

Personality Lecture 18Life Story RevisionThe time between infancy and adolescence supplies us with the emotional tone imagery Setting theme and characters to develop a life storyIt formally begins in adolexcence but viewed by Mcadams as a lifelong processWe revise the story as we encounter new turning pointsTo a certain extent the characteristics of a life story can be predicted depending on the traits that one has and motivations Opennesscompleximaginative narrativeBut life story cant be fully predicted or reduced to traits and motivationsMcAdams says that a life story supplies new information about the person that cannot be retrieved from other levels of analysis such as traits and motivationsLife StoryPsychotherapy3 Schools of PsychotherapyPsychodynamic TherapiesTalk about conflicts inherent in the patient Conflicts btwn idego egosuperegosymptoms in the patientPatient has a whole series of underlying unconscious conflicts and shows up in the patient as anxietyThe symptom is an expression of the underlying conflictThe therapists role as a blank slate onto which patient can project all of hisher underlying issuestransferenceThe therapist provides an interpretation of that projectionproduces insight into the conflict and the patient becomes aware of this conflict and insightfulThis leads to resistance in patientyells at therapist etc now that conscious is aware of the conflictRepeated exposure to insight into conflict patient eventually resolves the conflictTransferenceInterpretationInsightResistanceCognitiveBehavioural Therapiesantecedent events produce behaviour overtcovertBehaviours have consequences rewardingpunishmentTechniques Cognitive restructingbehvioural experimentsSocially anxious people usually avoid situations that make them anxiouswhich provides reliefEngage in experiments where patient has to test his beliefs about what will happen in interactionsPatient may think a likely outcome of interaction is usually embarassmentGet patient to go into a bookstore and knock books down and get embarassedPoint is to expose the person to embarassmentand show that the world does not endTo test these maladaptive views about how the world worksHumanisticExistential TherapiesInternalized conditions of worthThis could lead to problemsReflectionUnconditioned Positive Regard
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