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Lecture 2

lecture 2 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Lecture 2 PSYB30 7 widely accepted criteria (In systematic order by Fournier) Coherence -logicalinternal consistency, should not contradict itself Testability - give rise to hypotheses which are clearly falsifiable Empirically Validity - theories should be consistent with data collected or to be collected in the future, otherwise thrown out Comprehensiveness - Explanatory scope of particular theory -i.e. Freudian psychoanalysis very comprehensive theory as it tries to explain all aspects of human behaviour -it is desirable to have comprehensiveness so many parts and information to the theory Parsimonious Simple and elegant theory means less complicated and easy to understandable theory Utility(Usefulness) A theory which translates solutions to human problems (socially useful to generate solutions to real world problems, such as psychoanalysis and behaviourism) Generative Theories should excite scientist & provoke interest to generate new questions Sigmund Freud (1856 1939) - started out as a neurologist and introduced psychotherapy The talking cure & observed patients having mental conflicts, but claimed to have biological conflicts, but there was no biological predisposition Sex & Aggression (Freud) Believed the human mind is a psychic system which required energy to operate, known as Libido, drives the psychological machine, and cannot be destroyed or created and can only be shunted from one mechanism to another
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