Class Notes (837,821)
Canada (510,500)
Psychology (7,785)
PSYB30H3 (526)
Lecture

Chapter 7 - Human Relations

4 Pages
89 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 7 – Human Relations  Object relations emphasize the intRApsychic experience of relationships  Relational cultural theory emphasizes the intERpsychic experience – connections/disconnections o Example-stone center women Object Relations Theory  Freud had a drive based model of the human psyche o Seek objects to satisfy our drives  Object relations is a relational model, in which the drive to form relationships is the basic need o The object is the aim of relational needs o Example-teddy bears Melanie Klein  Freud studied biological instics, she studied relations  She adhered to the drive theory, but saw people as the objects  In dealing with drives children construct internal representations and project them onto real people o Use experiences to confirm or disconfirm these representations o Children split objects into good and bad, while they keep the good, they project the bad onto others  Splitting an object image allows them to internalize it as clearly good or clearly bad, while loving the actual external person who is a combination of both (although integration happens later)  Splitting of the good (arises from nurture) and bad (arises from frustration) allows the child to from a good-me and bad-me o The bad-me is important in that it allows child to move towards individuations and separation  Our early object relations are the building blocks for which our future interpersonal relationships are based on Margret Mahler  Saw biological birth as a distinct event, and psychological birth of an individual as a gradual process  Developed stages through which the ego passes to become an individual  Separation-individuation o Separation – physical differentiation o Individuation-psychological differentiation  This all precedes the Oedipus complex  Composed of four stages: o Differentiation – body image separate from mother o Practicing- perfecting motor ability (physical independence) o Rapprochement- awareness of being separate from mother, realize mothers have good and bad aspects (split) o Consolidation - Unification of good and bad in the mother with her external image. Beginning of individuality, development of a self concept Heinz Kohut  Object relations theorist emphasize meeting early childhood needs  His theory was his self theory  Children need to be mirrored – to have their accomplishments and talk awknowldged and praised  Idealization allows them to develop goals  If parents fail to respond in appropriate ways, they will have low self work and spend rest of life looking for acceptance  Nuclear self is a core self made of ambitions and goals  Only with support can it grow leading to an autonomous self that has self esteem, and self confidence o Is flexible in many interpersonal situations  Psychopathology is the result of traumatic self-object relations from childhood o Dysfunctional behaviour is an attempt to resolve early trauma  Narcissism is exaggerated self importance that hides low self worth o Freud believed narcissism and borderline disorders could not be treated by psychoanalysis because they emerged before the patient was able to talk  Kohut believed disorders of the self come from lack of empathy and mirroring from parents  Stressed empathy and introspection intherapy o Patents develop idealizing and mirroring transferences which allows to rework traumatic relationship
More Less

Related notes for PSYB30H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit