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lec 18

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

LEC 18 The three frameworks used by psychotherapy, all therepys are very different from eachother: 1. Psychodynamic Therapies: discuss conflict in patients Id and ego conflicts=anxiety, the psyche responds using unconscious Defenses. The goal of therapist is to provide blank slate for which patient can project onto them, object to project underling and unconscious conflicts. The therapist will provide an interpretation : Transference Interpretation of conflicts, the patient then gets insight, patient t Resistance (because conflicts) they do not what to see i 2. t Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies Antecedent illicit behaviours and have counsequences (either do them again or not) ways of doing this by 1) Cognitive Restructuring & Behavioral Experiments(ex) social anxious person will avoid situations and brings relief. Behavioural experiment will test the person on their beliefs; go out into situation and expose them to show its ok 3. Humanistic Existential Therapies: idea that there are internalized Conditions of Worth. Rules that we have to life by. Some of these can be pathological and effect life. Through: reflection & Unconditional Positive Regard. Everything about you can be reveals and the self. Much research has been done to test which one is best but all reveal no one is better, Conclusions from the Outcome Literature: No differential efficacy despite technical diversity. Everybody has won and all must have prizes (The Dodo Bird Effect) How is this possible? : 1. Suggest literate is wrong, we have yet to detect them, and measures used in study are flawed. But symptoms are tested and are very reliable. 2. They all have diff. stratagies that seek similar outcome. 3. Common factors to all therepies (even though claim different) underlying procedures are common therefore produce the same change What are these factors in all therapies? Reasearch by William Stiles. He classified the speech acts in all of the types of therpy: 1. SOURCE OF EXPERIENCE: is outterence by you or therapist 2. FRAME OF REFERENCE: refers to point of view by speaker or point of view shared with person
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