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Lecture 12

Personality Lecture 12 Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Marc A Fournier

Personality Lecture 12 What are the stylisticcharacteristic ways in which we adapt to our environment Motivational adaptations David Mclelland One of the pioneers of social motivation Motivationneed are interchangeable according to Mclelland Idea of an implicit motive How motives are different from traits, and how they interact Introduction to Social Motivation A motive: a recurrent preference or readiness for a particular quality of experience, which energizes, directs and selects behaviour in cetain situations For Mclelland, motive was a lens its a way of filtering our experiences. We each see the world differently according to different motivational preferences. Motives are different from traits Traits Refer to what behaviour, thought, or feeling does someone have. Motivation Refer to questions that begin with why. Why somebody has done what they have done. Motive underlying the behaviour. Difference between a motivation and a conscious intention We are aware of some of our motives and intentions. But there are certain motivations that are only partly accessible to consciousness So much that motivates us we arent aware of so how do we measure this? Measuring Implicit Motivation Mclellands strategy Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) he was the one who used it for this participants write stories about the (ambiguous) pictures on cards. We project our motivation, concerns, hopes, and fears onto the characters in the story were creating. Projective test
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