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Lecture 13

Personality Lecture 13 Notes

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Marc A Fournier

Personality Lecture 13 Moving away from Motivations which vary according to person, to needs, that are universal to all humans Classical Humanism Humanistic Approaches to Psychology Karl Rogers & Abraham Maslow Humanism emerges in the 20 century as the third organizing force in American psychology 3 main traditions Psychoanalysis: Dark view of human nature Behaviourism: Adopted a neutral view of human nature Humanist Tradition: A more optimistic view of human nature. Humanism Humans are inherently good, we all have potentials, and are designed to realize these potentials. Whether or not we do, is a function of our environment. The humanist gives more credit to our ability to consciously regulate our behaviours. Were not blind to our own motivations contrary to what psychoanalytic view presumes. Key Figure in Humanism Karl Rogers offered a theory of personality client-centered therapy unlike others who presumed that there were several motivations, but he believed there was a single motivation underlying all behaviours: to actualize, maintain, and enhance the organism We all have a true-self, the person we are intended to become. Were in the processing of becoming who we are meant to be. We are on this existential journey. There are environments that will support this development and ones that derail it. How do you know if youre on the right track and making the right choices? Organismic Valuing Process Rogers believed that theres this mechanism inside of us that informs us: organismic valueing process. This is the voice that tells us whethere what were doing is right or wrong. Its an intuitive structure that will tell you if somethings contributing to your developing sense of self Fully-Functioning Person Surrounding Environment must support the person in order to become a fully functioning person Ssomeone who actualizes full potential and brings out the self Traits: Openness to Experience
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