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Lecture 14

Personality Lecture 14 Notes

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Marc A Fournier

Lecture 14 Personality Self-determination Theory (continued) - Deci 3 basic psychological needs that are typical of the species; must be attained in order to be intrinsically motivated. 3 universal needs: Autonomy (feel a sense of choiceownership over ones own behaviouractions), competence (mastery & effectance) relatedness ( a need to feel connected to others, and care for others There is no individual difference in need strength, the needs are the same for everybody. The only difference lies in the environment. Which environment will help satisfy this need. We cant take it for granted that the needs will be met Self-determination theorist: The envt has to provide the resources for these needs to be met. What contributes to the satisfaction of the needs? 3 contextual factors in the environment 1) autonomy support extent to which environment offers choice, how much initiation or innovation they encourage pressure to perform in the environment is minimized 2) structure the extent to which the relationship between behaviour and outcomes are understandable to what extent is feedback to your performance given important for competence: you need to know what will happen when you behave in certain ways, is your behaviour guided by feedback in the envt? 3) Involvement Involvement from others the extent to which they care for you and are concerned for you The ideal context is one that supplies autonomy support, a moderate degree of structure for feedback, and involvement, so you know people care about your development. All 3 contextual factors can be found in the school environment; a course in particular Feedback is provided either frequently or infrequently. Your instructors differ in how much they care Human Growth & Plant Analogy you need to supply a plant, with soil, sunlight, and water when its deprived of these, it will suffer and eventually die psychological needs behave in the same way.
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