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Week 9 Lecture Notes

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Marc A Fournier

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PSYB30 Lecture Notes (Lecture 15+16)Week 9 Life Span Development 1 ERIK ERIKSON Erik Erikson took Freuds psychoanalytic theory and made it a life long psycho social theory. He reconceptualized every stages of Freuds. He was borned as a Jewish named Erik Homburger, his father abandoned him and his mom, and his mom remarried into a different community. Thus Erik Erikson wasnt welcomed in either one of the communities, hence the name The Outsider. Erik left home and began to travel until the age of 25. He adopted the psychoanalyst role, which was a tough job back then, the patients would often come with their children, thus the clinic would often offer teaching services to the children brought in by the patients. In 1933, seeing the changes in political circumstances in Europe and Germany, he left German and went to America, he assumes many academic teaching position in institutions like Harvard etc... He adopted the name Erik Erikson in 1939. Fundamental Eriksonian Concepts The Epigenetic Principle -> Personality is designed to unfold across a predetermined series of developmental stages. Each Stage confronts us with a developmental task or challenge or issue, this task or challenge must be addressed, although not necessarily succeed. For each development task, there is an optimal time, and it is crucial that we take on each tasks at the appropriate time. It cannot be hurried and it cannot be stalled. Upon confronting each task, one requires a psychosocial strength called virtue. Each challenge or tasks have 2 opposite outcome(trust vs mistrust), thus the virtue must keep a balance between the two. Triple Bookkeeping -> Individuals life must be understood on three complementary analysis. Body -> Various sexual and libido urges that are housed within the body. Ego -> Individuals conscious understanding of the world. Family Society -> growing up in the 1930s in Vietnam is different than growing up in the 21 century Toronto. The Life Span Development Freud states that mental development matures and stops at age 6, erik erikson thinks that it continues onto adulthood. Stage I Infancy (0-1 Years) Issue: Trust vs. Mistrust (The mothers bond with the infant is central to the child.) The virtue that stands out in this stage is Hope. It assists the child later on in life. Maladaptation: Sensory Distortion (excessively trusting, gullible) Malignancy: Withdrawl (Depression, paranoia, suspicion) Stage II Toddlerhood (2-3 Years) Issue: Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt -> This is during the time when toilet training is taking place, and the learning of self-mastery and control for the child. During this time, the child is becoming increasingly mobile (able to walk etc). During ths time, there are many opportunities for succession and failure. Maladaptation: Impulsivity (Shameless willfullness) Malignancy: Compulsion (Self-doubting and perfectionistic)
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