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PSYB32H3 (614)

DSM categories review

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Connie Boudens

Category Description Subcategories Disorders usually first Intellectual/emotional/physical disorders that Separation anxiety – child has excessive diagnosed in usually begin in i/c/a fear of being away from parents infancy/childhood/ado Conduct disorder – repeatedly violate lescence social norms/rules ADHD – have difficulty sustaining attention and are unable to control their activity when situation calls for it. Mental retardation (axis II) – show subnormal intellectual functioning and deficits in adaptive functioning. Pervasive developmental disorders – include autism, a severe condition in which the individual has problems in acquiring communication skills/deficits in relating to other people Learning disorders – refer to delays in the acquisition of speech/reading/writing/arithmetic Substance-related Diagnosed when the ingestion of some May contribute to mood or anxiety disoders substance (alcohol, opiates etc) has changed disorders. behaviour enough to impair social/occupational functioning. May become unable to control or discontinue ingestion and may develop withdrawal if they stop. Schizophrenia Contact with reality is faulty. Language/communication is disordered and they may shift from one subject to another, making it difficult to understand them. Commonly experience delusions. Sometimes hallucinations. Emotions are blunted, flattened or inappropriate. Social/occupational is affected. Mood disorders Applied to those whose moods are extremely Major depressive disorder – person is high or low. deeply sad and discouraged. More likely to lose weight/energy and to have suicidal thoughts/feelings of self-reproach Mania – exceedingly euphoric, irritable, more active than usual, distractible, possessed of unusually high self esteem Bipolar disorder – experiences episodes of mania or both mania and depression Anxiety Disorders Have some form of irrational or overblown fear Phobia – fear of an object/situation so as the central disturbance intensely that they must avoid it even if they know it is unreasonable/disrupts their lives Panic disorder – subject to sudden but brief attacks of intense apprehension, causing shaking/dizziness/trouble breathing. (May be accompanied by agoraphobia) Generalized anxiety disorder – fear/apprehension are pervasive/persistent/uncontrollable. Worry constantly, feel generally on edge, and easily tired. OCD – persistent obsessions or compulsion (tries to ward off the obsessions) PTSD – Experiencing anxiety/emotional numbness after traumatic event. Have painful recollections by day/nightmare at night. May become detached from everyday. Acute stress disorder – similar to PTSD but symptoms don’t last as long. Somatoform Physical symptoms of these disorders have no Somatization disorder – have long history Disorders known physiological cause but serve of physical complaints for which they have psychological purpose taken medicine/seen a doctor Conversion disorder – Report the loss of motor or sensory function Pain disorder – suffer from long/prolonged pain Hypochondriasis – misinterpretation of minor physical sensations as serious illness Body dysmorphic disorder – are preoccupied with some imagined defect in their appearance Dissociative amnesia – may forget their Dissociative Sudden alteration in consciousness that affects disorders memory and identity entire past or lose memory
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