Category Description Subcategories
Disorders usually first Intellectual/emotional/physical disorders that Separation anxiety – child has excessive
diagnosed in usually begin in i/c/a fear of being away from parents
infancy/childhood/ado Conduct disorder – repeatedly violate
lescence social norms/rules
ADHD – have difficulty sustaining attention
and are unable to control their activity when
situation calls for it.
Mental retardation (axis II) – show
subnormal intellectual functioning and
deficits in adaptive functioning.
Pervasive developmental disorders –
include autism, a severe condition in which
the individual has problems in acquiring
communication skills/deficits in relating to
Learning disorders – refer to delays in the
Substance-related Diagnosed when the ingestion of some May contribute to mood or anxiety
disoders substance (alcohol, opiates etc) has changed disorders.
behaviour enough to impair social/occupational
functioning. May become unable to control or
discontinue ingestion and may develop
withdrawal if they stop.
Schizophrenia Contact with reality is faulty.
Language/communication is disordered and they
may shift from one subject to another, making it
difficult to understand them. Commonly
experience delusions. Sometimes hallucinations.
Emotions are blunted, flattened or inappropriate.
Social/occupational is affected. Mood disorders Applied to those whose moods are extremely Major depressive disorder – person is
high or low. deeply sad and discouraged. More likely to
lose weight/energy and to have suicidal
thoughts/feelings of self-reproach
Mania – exceedingly euphoric, irritable,
more active than usual, distractible,
possessed of unusually high self esteem
Bipolar disorder – experiences episodes of
mania or both mania and depression
Anxiety Disorders Have some form of irrational or overblown fear Phobia – fear of an object/situation so
as the central disturbance intensely that they must avoid it even if they
know it is unreasonable/disrupts their lives
Panic disorder – subject to sudden but brief
attacks of intense apprehension, causing
shaking/dizziness/trouble breathing. (May
be accompanied by agoraphobia)
Generalized anxiety disorder –
constantly, feel generally on edge, and
OCD – persistent obsessions or
compulsion (tries to ward off the
PTSD – Experiencing anxiety/emotional
numbness after traumatic event. Have
painful recollections by day/nightmare at
night. May become detached from
Acute stress disorder – similar to PTSD but
symptoms don’t last as long.
Somatoform Physical symptoms of these disorders have no Somatization disorder – have long history
Disorders known physiological cause but serve of physical complaints for which they have psychological purpose taken medicine/seen a doctor
Conversion disorder – Report the loss of
motor or sensory function
Pain disorder – suffer from long/prolonged
Hypochondriasis – misinterpretation of
minor physical sensations as serious illness
Body dysmorphic disorder – are
preoccupied with some imagined defect in
Dissociative amnesia – may forget their
Dissociative Sudden alteration in consciousness that affects
disorders memory and identity entire past or lose memory