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Lecture 3

Abnormal Psychology Lecture 3.docx

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Abnormal Psychology: Lecture 3  Classification and Diagnosis o Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM-IV-TR)  Used to diagnose patients  Used in order to prescribe treatment (1)  Allows to communicate efficiently to describe symptoms easily and communicate diagnosis reliably (2)  Used to differentiate between diagnosis thus more certainty and reliability  For research (3) o A DSM-IV Definition of Mental Disorder  A clinically significant behavioural or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual  Includes present distress or disability or  A significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability or an important loss of freedom  A syndrome is a constellation of symptoms and typically occur together (No one symptom constitutes a psychological disorder)  Difference between behavioral and psychological impairment- one you can see, one you cannot  Excludes  An expectable and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event (death)  Deviant behavior (political, religious or sexual)- fasting  Conflicts that are primarily between the individual and society (unless the deviance or conflict is a symptom of a dysfunction in the individual) – OCCUPY movement  Five Dimensions of Classification  Axis 1- All diagnostic categories (inside cover of textbook)  Axis II- Personality disorders and retardation (Same cover)  Axis III- General medical conditions  Axis IV- Psychosocial and environmental problems (Back cover)  Axis V- Current level of functioning (Back cover)  DSM can have issues  Diagnostic Categories- o Development-Disorder usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence  Seperation anxiety disorder  Conduct disorder- being overly involved in bad behavior (needed for psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder)  Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder  Mental retardation  Pervasive developmental disorders  Learning disorders o Substance Related Disorders- only formal diagnosis when substance abuse or dependence results in severe behavior that interferes with daily life.  Schizophrenia- lost touch with reality (Positive symptom is when something is added to personality such as delusion or hallucination) (Negative system such as lack of emotion)  Mood Disorders  Major Depressive Disorder- sadness, loss of appetite,  Mania- euphoric sense of ability; unrealistic expectations, still in reality unlike schizo who are not in reality  Bipolar Disorder- experience of both mania and depression o Anxiety Disorders- most common  Phobia  Panic disorder- Agoraphobia- feels like a heart attack  Generalized anxiety disorder- ALWAYS STRESSED  Obsessive compulsive Disorder- an obsession is a recurrent thought, idea or image that continuously dominates a person’s consciousness  Post-Traumatic stress disorder- flashbacks, fear, nightmares  Acute stress disorder- PTS, except just happened o Somatoform disorders- physiological disorder that can’t be explained  Somatization disorder- goes to doctor each time with different disorders but no physiological disorder  Conversion disorder- neurological disorder with no physical cause (paralysis, lost of senses) 
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