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PSYB32H3 (614)
Lecture

Theories of Development - tmp (1).ppt

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB32H3
Professor
Mark Schmuckler
Semester
Fall

Description
Themes and Theories of Human Development I. What is a developmental theory? A. Scientific theory B. Characteristics of a good theory 1. Parsimony 2. Falsifiability 3. Heuristic Value II. Questions and controversies in human development A. Assumptions about human nature 1. Original sin 2. Innate purity B. Nature versus nurture C. Activity versus passivity D. Continuity versus discontinuity 1. Stages of development 2. Qualitative/quantitative 3. Connectedness of development III. Theories of human development A. Psychoanalytic theory 1. Components of personality 2. Psychosexual development B. Learning theory 1. Processes of learning 2. Social learning theory C. Cognitive developmental theory D. Ethological theory E. Ecological theory 1. The importance of the natural environment 2. Environmental layers What is a theory What is a theory in general? •Aset of concepts or propositions that describe and explain some aspect of experience. What is a scientific theory? •Apublic pronouncement indicating what a scientist believes about his or her area specific area of investigation What are the characteristics of a good theory? •Parsimony • Concise, yet able to explain a wide range of phenomena •Falsifiability • Capable of making explicit predictions •Heuristic value • Can be applied to unknown situations and cases Question and controversies about human development • Assumptions about human nature • Tabula rasaty versus original sin • Nature versus nurture • Activity versus passivity • Continuity of development • Quantitative versus qualitative change •Quantitative – changes in degree •Qualitative – changes in kind • Connectedness of development • Similarity versus differences Continuous versus Discontinuous Development Continuous Development t r u a t M A l t e m o r e a e m D I Infant Adult AGE Continuous versus Discontinuous Development Discontinuous Development t r u a t M t l t e m p r e t v m D I Infant Adult AGE Question and controversies about human development • Assumptions about human nature • Tabula rasaty versus original sin • Nature versus nurture • Activity versus passivity • Continuity of development • Quantitative versus qualitative change •Quantitative – changes in degree •Qualitative
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