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Mark Schmuckler

Psyb20ch 13 Defining sex and gendergender refer to cognitive and social differences sex refer to biological and physiological differences gender typing children acquire values motives and behaviors viewed as appropriate to their gender in a specific culture gender based beliefs what behaviors are appropriate gender stereotypes which are the beliefs that members of an entire culture hold about the attitudes and behaviors that are acceptable and appropriate for each sex gender roles composites of distinctive behaviors that males and females in a culture exhibit reflection of a cultures gender stereotypes gender identity perception of themselves as either masculine or feminine and having characteristics and interests appropriate to their sex gender role preferences desires to possess certain gender types characteristics sexual preferences attraction to opposite or same sex Gender role standardsparents and other agents of socialization teach them standards for behavior that are gender based parents dress select toys and activies and same sex playmates and often react negatively when children behave in ways they consider gender inappropriate world of work remains stereotypically gendered children and adults still tend to think of mechanics as men and nurses as woman asian societies children were more commited to maintaining gender role stereotypes than were more westernized children standards vary with ethnicity African American families are more likely to socialize children without strict boygirl gender role distinctions and so are less likely to hold stereotypes about woman age affects gender role expectationsyoung children especially rigid in their gender stereotyping become more flexible as they develop education also affects children of working mom hold less rigid stereotypes about role of mom and dad but you will still see some well educated men who hold stereotypes despite all of the changes we continue to see men as aggressive and woman more sensitive Gender differences in development Developmental patterns of gender typing children develop gender typical behavior patterns at an early age before they can tell us about their gender based preferences through behavior ex such as expressing preference for gender type toys the male role is more clearly defined and greater pressure for boys to conform to their stereotype
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