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Canada (509,987)
Psychology (7,785)
PSYB32H3 (614)

lect 10

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Mark Schmuckler

LECTURE 10 socialization Family positive and negative social conflictschild undergoes discipline and conflicts experiences rivalry competition for resources gets first lessons in compliance and cooperation influences others behaviours Five functions for survival of societyreproduction economic services societal ordersocial organization socialization emotional support early family did not have all thesefunctionsearlier family basic unit of economic activity able to produce enough such that the family will providework produces goods and services family now a day play as a role of consumption not production children nowadays are economic liabilitiesFamily unit is still involved in reproduction socialization and emotional support MOST DIRECTLY RELATED TO CHILDRENSocial system viewfamily is seen as bidirectional effectsreciprocal causal influenceseffectsinfluences parentparent childchild childparentparents have primary influences early in childs life community connections wellbeing of the family higher rates of psychopathology in urban settings than rural settingsbc of poverty pop density and community connections more fragmented in urban settings than ruralcorrelates with psychopathologysocial ties serve as a buffer for family stressalleviate stressWhy are social ties effective buffers 1 neighbours relatives enhance parents confidence making them enhanced parents 2 helps parents relationships3 can receive feedback about child rearing methods4 other adults form connections with childhave positive influence in the childs development Dimensions of parentingwarmthmost important low on this dimension rejecting the childwarm parents respond to childs needspraise for successes and even if not successes warm parents more positive impact of raising childrenhealthy development STUDY mothers of 12Y asked to keep track of childs behaviour when the child saw someone in distress how did the child respondrated the parents in terms of highly responsive or low responsive to the child RESULTS more responsive parents had children who were more likely to comfort another person in distresschild was the one who caused the playmates distresshow likely was it that the child tried to make amends reparation RESULTS more responsive parents had children who were likely to show reparation behavioursby age 12Y warmth impacts childs behaviour Dimensions of parenting controlmediate control NOT TOO MUCH or TOO LITTLE parental control can be too restrictive or too permissivenot clear where the intermediate stage isPositive aspects parents who have no expectations for their child to behave in a certain way have child who do not behavethe standards parents set have to be realistic and achievable for the child when parents are too demanding of their child children get anxious parents who have high expectations for children and give them the tools to meet the demands have children who are well adjustedcheerful competent w adults and classmates enforcing rules consistently children dev selfcontr
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