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Developmental Psychology lecture 1.docx

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Mark Schmuckler

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY 1.Introduction ◦ Why study developmental psychology ▪ To answer questions like what is this infant seeing, how is he processing things, what is he seeing ▪ what is the role of parents in terms of genetic material they have provided combined with environment What is development? • systematic means developmental changes are ordered and pattern to distinguish between temporary changes vs real change ◦ is changing hair developmental change or learning language as a kid What is the science of development? Childhood in Medieval times (6-15 centuries) • how did we get here • view of children ◦ e.x they dont have responsibility to vote, are supposed to have early education, etc ▪ but historically was it same view? ◦ in medieval times children were seen as kids playing and having fun only, different beings portrayed in their paintings ◦ 14th century actually had books on childcare directed to parents ◦ religious text showed children as pure and innocent and close to angels ◦ children were depicted as need of purification due to possessed with devil ▪ so two different concepts of children existed Childhood in reformation (16century) • original sin and puritians ◦ they were born evil, stubborn and they needed restraining and cilvilization ◦ harsh child rearing techniques to keep them from following their natural inclinations ◦ physical punishments were ok during those times ◦ but at the same time reasoning was used to teach the kid right from wrong ◦ self reliance was preferred by puritians ▪ more of voluntary from child's side John Locke and british empricists • rejected concept of innate ideas; original sin • locke concieved child as a blank state; no ideas at all (tabula rasa) ◦ experience taught kids ◦ moulding by parents was considered ◦ however this view was a head of time ◦ rewards or praise would be more effective vs physical punishment • two important conceptual points ◦ idea of continuos development ◦ importance of nurture ▪ tabula rasa led to importance of nurture of env. ▪ child is passive John-Ja
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