Class Notes (806,748)
Canada (492,424)
Psychology (7,610)
PSYB32H3 (614)

Abnormal Psych Lecture 2.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Konstantine Zakzanis

Abnormal Psych Lecture 2  Paradigm o Ways in which we might come to understand a patient that is before us o A set of assumptions that a clinician will make o General perspective defining how to conceptualize and study a subject or a patient o How to gather and interpret relevant data o How to think about a subject of patient  Four paradigms o Biological paradigm  Behaviour genetics  Genotype vs phenotype o Genotype is what you are born with, inherited, unobservable. o Phenotype is the individuals observable behaviourable characteristics  Ex: level of anxiety  It is a product of the genotype and the environment o Family method  If a disorder is inherited, a family study should reveal a disease within the family  Index case is the person with schizophrenia  Probank case is the immediate relative with 10% higher chance of getting it o Twin method  Monozygotic twins  Dizygotic twins  Twins are similar diagnostically speaking they are “concordant”  If monozygotic twins show higher concordance rate than dizygotic twins, that shows inheritance plays a role o Adoptees method  Twin sets born, but raised by non-biological parents  Environmental factors can be ruled out o Linkage analysis  Researchers try to understand genetic role in disorders  Look for large collections of individuals in a large family unit that have a disorder  Look for similar markers between people with disorder  Belief that mental disorder caused by neuro-biological factors  Reductionist type of approach  Biochemistry  Neurotransmission o Check out video on slide  Reuptake o Check out video on slide  Structure and function of the human brain  Cortical brain surface o Frontal lobe  Executive functioning  Planning  Inhibition  Right side damaged  Manic-like episodes  Retrieval of memory  Left side damaged  Depressed like states  Oncoding memory o Learning, getting information into your brain  Broca’s area, faculty for speach o Parietal lobe  Visual/spatial functioning  Left  Difficulty understanding movement  Right  Visual spatial neglect o Neglects left visual space o Occipital lobe  vision o Temporal lobe  People with seizures report hallucinations  Consolidation of learning  Hippocampus  Left side  Vernickes area o Comprehension of verbal sounds  Right side  Comprehension of non verbal sounds  Subcortical structures (inner structures)  Approaches to treatment  Pharmacology  Psychoactive drugs  Anxiolytics o Benzodiazepines  Alprazolam (xanax) clonazepam (klonopin), diazepam (valium, larasepan  Antidepressants o Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors  Celeza, Prozac, Zoloft o Tricyclic antidepressants  (check slides)  (check slides)  Antipsychotics o Schizophrenia o Dementia o Sometimes even for people with depression  Psycho-stimulants o Adhd o Alzheimer’s disease o Psychoanalytic paradigm  Sigmund freud  Structure of the mind o 3 components giving rise to abnormal behaviour  Id  Pleasure principle: unconscious and driven by the immediate need for gratificatio
More Less

Related notes for PSYB32H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.