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PSYB32 - Lecture 1.docx

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Mark Schmuckler

PSYB32 – Lecture 1 Prof’s Speech - Purple Slide 14 – What is abnormal behaviour? - Statistical infrequency o sometimes infrequency is good (i.e. getting 100% on exams) - Personal distress - Violation of norms o not a complete criteria because it is a relative concept; norms change (i.e. homosexuality); behaviour must make anxious or threaten the observer - Disability or dysfunction o we can all experience impairment, but are not necessarily disabled; to be disabled, impairment has to affect their ability to engage in activities of daily living; when person becomes unable to do their job, take care of their children, because of their impairment, they are disabled - Unexpectedness o distress and disability that the behaviour creates is unexpected - Each of these factors constitute a part of the abnormal behaviour definition, but cannot completely describe abnormal behaviour without all of them; incomplete alone Slide 19 - “Because the field is continually evolving, it is not possible to offer a simple definition of abnormality that captures it in its entirety. The characteristics presented constitute a partial definition, but they are not equally applicable to every diagnosis.” - Davison, Neale, Blankstein, and Flett - No 2 patients are the same Slide 22 – In the beginning (what to do with abnormality) - Early demonology o Demonology o Exorcism o Trepanning  drilled a hole in the skull to provide an opening for the demon to escape Slide 23 – In the beginning (the first measure of abnormality and the ultimate no-win situation) o No win situation- drown suspect, if he didn’t survive, he was normal, if he survived, he was a witch, which would then lead to beheading, hence – no win) - Dark ages o Persecution of witches o Witchcraft and mental illness Slide 25 – Phrenology - Originated by Franz Joseph Gall – teacher who observed his students o Noticed that certain people excelled and others did far from that – attributed success to larger size of forehead, skull - First attempt to establish a relationship between what goes on in the mind and in the brain Slide 27 – Asylums in Canada - Labelling of patients – they were labelled “lunatics”, “insane”, “incurable”, “idiots” Slide 30 – Video: History of Treatment
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