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Lecture 03.docx

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Konstantine Zakzanis

Lecture 03 1. People diagnosed with schizophrenia usually experience a combination of positive (i.e. hallucinations, delusions, racing thoughts), negative (i.e. apathy, lack of emotion, poor or nonexistant social functioning), and cognitive (disorganized thoughts, difficulty concentrating and/or following instructions, difficulty completing tasks, memory problems). 2. Anxiety disorder irrational fear as central disturbance  Phobia: fear of object or situation that is so intense that we avoid it at any cost.  Panic disorder: dying, inability to breath, cloudiness of thoughts and vision, inability to remember the incident, doom, racing heart, tremor.  Agoraphobia: fear of open spaces  Generalized anxiety disorder: worry, in fear of worst happening, always there, constant worry, uncontrollable  Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Obsession: thoughts or images constant and reluctant Compulsion: act engage in reduce the anxiety  PTSD:  Belief the person is going to be losing their life or severely disabled by the traumatic events.  Patients interpretation is crucial,  Flashbacks, nightmares, difficulty talking about the events, emotional numbness  Acute stress disorder:  does not last long,  somatoform disorders:  physical symptoms without known physiological causes a. Somatization disorder: long history of multiple physical complaints of problems; see numerous doctors, complaints quite vague. b. conversion disorder: loss of motor or sensory function, neurologica in nature, blindness c. pain disorder: severe and prolonged pain d. Hypochondriasis: morbid concern about one's health especially when accompanied by delusions of physical disease e. body dimorphic disorder: preoccupation with imagine deficit in their appearances. Dissociative disorder:  sudden, affects memory and identity,  nothing definitive  patients do not seek treatment  a. dissociative amnesia: forget entire past, time period  b. dissociative fug
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