1. People diagnosed with schizophrenia usually experience a combination of positive (i.e.
hallucinations, delusions, racing thoughts), negative (i.e. apathy, lack of emotion, poor or
nonexistant social functioning), and cognitive (disorganized thoughts, difficulty
concentrating and/or following instructions, difficulty completing tasks, memory problems).
2. Anxiety disorder irrational fear as central disturbance
Phobia: fear of object or situation that is so intense that we avoid it at any cost.
Panic disorder: dying, inability to breath, cloudiness of thoughts and vision,
inability to remember the incident, doom, racing heart, tremor.
Agoraphobia: fear of open spaces
Generalized anxiety disorder: worry, in fear of worst happening, always there,
constant worry, uncontrollable
Obsession: thoughts or images constant and reluctant
Compulsion: act engage in reduce the anxiety
Belief the person is going to be losing their life or severely disabled by
the traumatic events.
Patients interpretation is crucial,
Flashbacks, nightmares, difficulty talking about the events, emotional
Acute stress disorder:
does not last long,
physical symptoms without known physiological causes
a. Somatization disorder: long history of multiple physical complaints of
problems; see numerous doctors, complaints quite vague.
b. conversion disorder: loss of motor or sensory function, neurologica
in nature, blindness
c. pain disorder: severe and prolonged pain
d. Hypochondriasis: morbid concern about one's health especially
when accompanied by delusions of physical disease
e. body dimorphic disorder: preoccupation with imagine deficit
in their appearances.
sudden, affects memory and identity,
patients do not seek treatment
a. dissociative amnesia: forget entire past, time period
b. dissociative fug