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PSYB32H3 (614)
Lecture 8


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University of Toronto Scarborough
Mark Schmuckler

PSYB20 LECTURE 8 OMIT development of emotions. But focus on emotional attachment. Attachment- used to describe affectional ties that bind an intimate relationship Theories of attachment  All differnet approaches try to explain how attachments are formed and their reasons  All approaches have strengths + limitations o Such limitations have led to different view of nature of attachment  Thus, development of ethological approach  Few areas of developmental theories where theres a dominant approach Ethological approach - borrows from all other approaches behaviourist and psycholytical attachment - both converge on 1 theory based on attachment - both focus on “feeding behaviour” behaviourist beliefs about advantage of feeding o feeding is important bc “drive reduction model” for 2 reasons  feeding elicit pos response from infant  likely to increase caregiver affection for infant  mother’s are able to relax w/ infant  provide infant w/ comfort o infant associated all pleasurable feelings w/ that individual- thus that person (mom) becomes the primary source of reinforcement Attachment does not depend on hunger satisfaction demonstrated by harry harlow and Zimmerman - studied baby monkeys who were separated mothers - 2 different mothers o wired mom who provided food (provided drive reduction) o soft cuddly terry cloth mom but did not provide food - which two did monkey prefer to? o They prefer soft mom o The mom they are attached to, is not that mom providing food o It does not support the drive reduction concept o Thus contact comfort was - Infants become attached to ppl who not necessarily who arent feed them, but provide soft things Blanket attachment and play - Children become attached to soft inanimate objects - Ex: blankets, teddy bears - The attachment is common- 50% of children – especially appreciated by children when exposed to unfamiliar situations/ stressful situations - It is believed that these soft objects o Help child manage stress o Manage difficult situations o Substitudes for important ppl in child’s life Expierment - Group of 2 -3 year olds - 2 variables o children w/ attachment to blanket o children w/ no attachment - put them in 1 of 4 conditions o room w/ mom o room w/ favourite blanket (for kids w/ no attachment, use a blanket they are familiar found) o room w/ familiar fav hard toy - conclusions st o 1 = ndildren was exploring o 2 = child who attached w/ blanket act as if mom was there. They explored, great time. Kids w/ no attachment but come in familiar room w/ a “fa
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