The term punishment gives u feeling of anxiety. This is definitely component of punishment.
Punishment is derived from both basic and applied research with rats as with skinner and also other
Pple will associate punishment with death penalty, cooperate punishment, retribution, and the wrong
doers who get consequence for their behavior. “an eye for an eye”
BM looks for whether a behavior is maladaptive and usually is followed by consequence. The behavior
dec the future happening of that behavior.
Positive punishment- ex spanking will make a behavior less likely occur in future. In order to see the
functional relationship, we have to see what if the child is being reinforced by the attention that he gets
from the parents while getting spanked? so we don’t know yet for sure.
Negative punishment – occurs when there is a maladaptive behavior and the reinforcer is removed. Ex.
Kid not allowed watching anymore TV. It is removed from the nature, believing that tv was reinforcing.
Unconditioning reinforces- food, water, things that u need to survive.
What punishers are unconditioned? Shelter, anything related to paying, anything discomforting. Things
that could damage the body e.g sensory sys
Conditioner punisher should be constant or a little delay in b/w punisher and consequence. If a
consequence didn’t follow immediately, then behavior will become stimulus on its own and would no
longer will associate punisher.
Ex : “No”, threats, reprimand, “ not allowed to do”, facial expression of disapproval.
In cases of autism kids respond to these in opposite fashion. If autistic child doesn’t receive attention
from parent, child will might become violent in class & may hit other kids to get that attention. Thus it is
self injurious to the individual.
Pain inducer punisher – unconditional punishers
Reprimands – fixed stare by parents, spouse, siblings, firm grasp, the word “no”.
Use of time out periods – in class usually somebody who is acting maladaptive can be changed by just
replacing reinforcing situation to less reinforcing situation.
Exclusionary- person is taken out of that situation or no reinforce is provided at all. In some
schools, it is used less ethically. It is not used for long periods of times. The use of exclusionary