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Lecture

LEC 6.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Konstantine Zakzanis
Semester
Fall

Description
LEC 6 BM=behavior modification The term punishment gives u feeling of anxiety. This is definitely component of punishment. Punishment is derived from both basic and applied research with rats as with skinner and also other human intervention. Pple will associate punishment with death penalty, cooperate punishment, retribution, and the wrong doers who get consequence for their behavior. “an eye for an eye” BM looks for whether a behavior is maladaptive and usually is followed by consequence. The behavior dec the future happening of that behavior. Positive punishment- ex spanking will make a behavior less likely occur in future. In order to see the functional relationship, we have to see what if the child is being reinforced by the attention that he gets from the parents while getting spanked? so we don’t know yet for sure. Negative punishment – occurs when there is a maladaptive behavior and the reinforcer is removed. Ex. Kid not allowed watching anymore TV. It is removed from the nature, believing that tv was reinforcing. Unconditioning reinforces- food, water, things that u need to survive. What punishers are unconditioned? Shelter, anything related to paying, anything discomforting. Things that could damage the body e.g sensory sys Conditioner punisher should be constant or a little delay in b/w punisher and consequence. If a consequence didn’t follow immediately, then behavior will become stimulus on its own and would no longer will associate punisher. Ex : “No”, threats, reprimand, “ not allowed to do”, facial expression of disapproval. In cases of autism kids respond to these in opposite fashion. If autistic child doesn’t receive attention from parent, child will might become violent in class & may hit other kids to get that attention. Thus it is self injurious to the individual. Pain inducer punisher – unconditional punishers Reprimands – fixed stare by parents, spouse, siblings, firm grasp, the word “no”. Use of time out periods – in class usually somebody who is acting maladaptive can be changed by just replacing reinforcing situation to less reinforcing situation.  Exclusionary- person is taken out of that situation or no reinforce is provided at all. In some schools, it is used less ethically. It is not used for long periods of times. The use of exclusionary
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