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PSYB45H3 (337)


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Zachariah Campbell

Chapter 20: Self-Management When a person uses behaviour modification procedures to change his or her own behaviour People exhibit behavioural deficits, they fail to engage in desirable behaviours. The behaviours are desirable because they will have a positive impact on the peoples lives in the future. However, even though the future outcome of the behaviour will be positive, the behaviour doesn;t occur because it is not reinforced immediately when it occurs or because competing behaviour that is immediately reinforced interferes with its occurrence. Because the positive outcome is in the future, it doesnt exert an influence on the occurrence of the desirable behaviour at present. Self management problem is an excess of an undesirable behaviour. Behaviour is undesirable because it will have a negative impact on the persons life in the future. Examples of behavioural excesses are overeating, smoking, alcohol abuse, and gambling. Behavioural deficit: studying Immediate contingency: lack of reinforcement, response effort, reinforcement of competing behaviour (TV, parties) Delayed Positive Outcomes: good grades, graduation, job or graduate school. Self-management involves a controlling behaviour and a controlled behaviour. Meaning the person engages in the controlling behaviour to influence the future occurrence of the controlled behaviour. Controlling behaviour involves implementing self-management strategies in which the antecedents and consequences of the target behaviour or alternative behaviours are modified; these strategies make the controlled behaviour (target behaviour) more likely Types of Self-Management Strategies: Goal-Setting and Self-Monitoring : Goal-setting involves writing down the criterion level of the target behaviour and the time frame for the occurrence of the behaviour. By itself this method is not effective. If in conjunction with self-monitoring it is more effective. Self-monitoring involves you record each instance of the target behaviour as it occurs. May result in a beneficial change in the target behaviour that is being recorded.
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