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Lecture 7

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Amanda Uliaszek
Semester
Winter

Description
 Increasing Behaviors through Operant Conditioning  Lecture 7  March 1, 2013  Student Behavior Modification  Target behavior: Asking/answering questions during lecture  Goal/outcome: Increasing class participation  Target behavior: Read chapters and attend/watch lectures  Goal/outcome: Improve study habits A token economy is a system of behavior modification-based on the systematic positive reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or tokens that can be exchanged for other reinforcers. Token economy is based on the principles of operant conditioning and can be situated within applied behavior analysis (behaviorism). Token economies are applied with children and adults.  Review Positive Reinforcers  Examples? Bonus points, get a prize,  Tangible reinforcers: sth you physically got. Like a gift card.  Consumable reinfocers: candy/chocolate  Activity ~: you get more breaks in today’s class.  Social ~: communicating with classmates  Feedback ~: good job! for participating, your grade is posted  Positive Reinforcers  How do we ascertain what will be positively reinforcing to a group?  Guess work  Age  Gender  What do students find positively reinforcing?  Are we talking about programmed or natural reinforcers?  Enhancing Effectiveness (methods)  Sampling: samples. give them a little taste of the reward, they might be more likely to want the reward.  Modeling: see another ppl get the chocolate, and you want that too through watching them enjoying the reinforcer.  Explaining or demonstrating the value:  Public posting of performance: showing publicly this ppl did this and they got this. Publicly showing ppl that you’re doing a good job could be an incentive for all the ppl to follow doing that favorable behavior.public effect.  Ways to Administer Reinforcement  Tokens  Pros and Cons: pros—easier to reinforce right away b/c I can have much more tokens to the reward than the actual amount of reward/resource I have. (I only have one Mr.Salad). Cons—sb’s gonna count and make a lot of tokens  Continuous reinforcement schedule  Pros and Cons  Lottery  Pros and Cons: it’s random, but also un
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