Class Notes (807,850)
Canada (492,877)
Psychology (7,612)
PSYB45H3 (335)
Lecture 8

Lec8 Mar8.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Amanda Uliaszek

 Decreasing behaviors  Lecture 8  March 8, 2013  Reducing unwanted behaviors  Occupational/Educational  Training: sb. Or training a pet not peeing on the floor  Interpersonal: bf VS gf. Stop forgetting sth.  Self-management: stop smoking, stop biting nails.  Reducing unwanted behaviors  Occupational/Educational  Someone is sending too many emails  Training  Dog is misbehaving  Interpersonal  Want husband to stop leaving clothes out  Self-management  Eating too much dessert  Methods for Reducing Behaviors: Non-Punishment Methods  Extinction  Definition?  What do you need to know first?  Functional Assessment  Can’t implement extinction purely based on assumptions  Reinforcers differ from one person to the next  Reinforcers can be different in different contexts  Multiple reinforcers  Removing Reinforcer  Can you control the reinforcer?  Automatic reinforcer: eating desserts—automatically reinforcing. Extinction may not be easy to go.  Other people are providing the reinforcement: you can’t control what other ppl do  Effectiveness of Extinction  Withhold all reinforcers/all reinforcements  Consistency  Variety of settings  Instructions: tell that person might help the extinction of they sending you emails.  Differential Reinforcement  Withholding reinforcement from the target behavior and reinforcing a different behavior  Incompatible behavior (competing response): two behaviors physically cannot happen at the same time. OCD  Alternative behavior: not answering the questions from sister, but encourage her to analyze the quizes  Other behavior: tied to time limit  Low rates  Habit Reversal  Used in self-management  Become aware of triggers : an find another alternative/substitute to do, reverse the trigger. Like dieting, open the fridge, call a friend to stop finding foods.  Become aware of target behavior occurrence  Decide on competing response  Enlist social support  Decreasing an Undesirable Behavior  Will any of these procedures work?  Why? Why not?  Punishment  Definition: the introduction of an aversive stimulus,
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.