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Lecture 9

Lec9 Mar15.docx

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Amanda Uliaszek

 Lecture 9  March 15, 2013  Establishing new behaviors  What are ways to teach someone a new behavior/overcome a behavioral deficit? shaping: ease ppl in for shaping a favourable behavior. Starts from the bottom. And ease ppl in.  shaping  Using successive approximations (steps)  No longer reinforce previous steps When shaping, you wanna: 1. Describe behavioral goal 2. Identify starting response (you stop the reinforcement when the expected behavior is maintained or repeated) 3. Develop a tentative and flexible plan for steps (make the behavior gradually through steps, more and more difficult)  Example: tidier roommate 1. Behavioral goal: Roommate cleans up all of her dishes and her belongings every day 2. Picking up any dish or belonging at any time 3. Steps 1. Praise/reward at any sign of behavioral target 2. Praise/reward at any sign of behavioral target when done within one day 3. Praise/reward when all dishes are cleaned in one day 4. Praise/reward when all dishes/belongings are cleaned in one day  Shaping problem behaviors  Receiving reinforcement for a behavioral excess and continuing to utilize that behavior  Example 1. Stop eating dessert -> lose 5 lbs. 2. Replace lunch with raw vegetables -> lose 10 lbs. 3. Restrict total calories to 1000/day -> lose 10 lbs. 4. Skip breakfast and lunch -> lose 5 lbs. 5. Restrict total calories to 500/day -> lose 10 lbs. 6. Purge dinner -> lose 5
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