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Lecture Note For PSYB45, Lecture 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
Christian Campbell
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 2 Areas of Application: Parenting and Child Management - Behavioural techniques have been applied to help teach parents on methods to im prove their child-rearing practices. - They have been applied to parents to help teach their children how to walk, develop initial language skills, toilet training, and encourage household chores. - Parents have also been taught behavioral strategies to help reduce problem behaviours such as temper tantrums, not obeying parents, nail biting, ignoring rules etc - Education: From Preschool to University - Many behaviour modification approaches have been used in schools - An important innovation in behavioral approaches to teaching is the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI). PSI was developed by Fred S. Killer and his colleagues in the United States as a behaviour modification approach to university teaching. Teachers use this approach to improve classroom instruction. -In the 1960’s the most dramatic successes of behaviour modification have occurred in applications to individuals with severed behavioral problems. Childhood Autism - Children diagnosed with autism often show some behaviors similar to children diagnosed with developmental disabilities in that they score much bellowed average on a variety of self-care tasks, such as dressing, grooming, and feeding. - No alternative treatment for children with autism has been shown to be as successful as applied behaviour analysis Schizophrenia - Because inadequate social relationships are a prime contributor to the poor quality of life experienced by people with schizophrenia, social skills have been one of the behaviors targeted for change. - CB techniques have also been used effectively to reduce or eliminate hallucinations or delusions in persons with schizophrenia. - CBT can make a significant contribution to the treatment, management, and rehabilitation of persons with schizophrenia. CBT -discussed in chapter 28 Medical and Health Care www.notesolution.com - Behavioural Medicine- a broad interdisciplinary field concerned with the links among health, illness and behaviour. - Health Psychology- considers how psychological factors can influence or cause illness, and how people can be encouraged to practice healthy behaviour so as to prevent health problems - Health psychologists have applied behavioral principles in five major areas: 1) Direct Treatment of medical problems- !Biofeedback- a behavioral technique used when treating symptoms which consists of providing immediate information to an individual about that person’s physiological processes, such as heart rate, blood pressure, muscle tension, etc. 2) Establishing Treatment Compliance-Compliant with medical regimens is a natural for behaviour modification where compliance is key in promoting or encouraging patients to keep track of their appointments and medications without being lazy or forgetting, and just not taking your meds which could jeopardize your treatment plan. 3) Promotion of Healthy Living- promoting healthy living, by exercising, limit consumption of alcohol and smoking ! Important area of behaviour modification involves the technique to help people manage their own behaviour to stay healthy, such as eating well, and getting exercise 4) Management of Caregivers- health psychologists deal with eh behaviour of the patient’s family, friends, and various medical staff who care for the patient (to possibly help improve the medical service given to their patients). 5) Stress Management- concerns of stressors that effects behaviour and the development of behavioral strategies for coping with stressors. Behaviour modification has also been applied to improve the performance of individuals in a wife variety of organizational setting which is referred to as Organizational Behaviour Management (OBM). - Emphasizes specific activities of staff that characterizes successful performances or produce successful results. - It also emphasizes frequent feedback and rewards for employees who show desirable behaviours. Applied Sport Psychology - has been defined as the use of psychological knowledge to enhance athletic performance and the satisfaction of athletes and others associated with sports ! Techniques for improving skills of athletes ! Strategies for motivating practice and endurance training ! Changing the behaviour of coaches !”Sports Psyching” to prepare for competition - Behaviour modifiers have begun to pay more attention to issues of race, gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation as variable that can influence the www.notesolution.com effectiveness of treatment. NEED THE END OF THIS SENTENCE!!. IT WASN’T PHOTOCOPIED!! www.notesolution.comChapter 2 Areas of Application: Parenting and Child Management - Behavioural techniques have been applied to help teach parents on methods to im prove their child-rearing practices. - They have been applied to parents to help teach their children how to walk, develop initial language skills, toilet training, and encourage household chores. - Parents have also been taught behavioral strategies to help reduce problem behaviours such as temper tantrums, not obeying parents, nail biting, ignoring rules etc - Education: From Preschool to University - Many behaviour modification approaches have been used in schools - An important innovation in behavioral approaches to teaching is the Personalized System of Instruction (PSI). PSI was developed by Fred S. Killer and his colleagues in the United States as a behaviour modification approach to university teaching. Teachers use this approach to improve classroom instruction. -In the 1960s the most dramatic successe
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