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Lecture 16

Lecture Note For PSYB45, Lecture 16

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Christian Campbell

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Transferring Behaviour to New Setting and Making it Last: Generality of Behaviour Change -we say that training produces “generality” when the trained behaviour transfers from the training situation to the natural environment, when training leads to the development of a new behaviour that has not been specifically trained, or when the trained behaviour is maintain in the natural environment over time. Stimulus Generalization - Occurs when behaviour becomes more probable in the presence of one stimuli or situation as a result f having been reinforced in the presence of another stimulus or situation. - There are several reasons for the occurrence of stimulus generalization: 1) The more physically similar two stimuli are, the more stimulus generalization will occur between them (ex. Two similar looking berries). This is an inherited (or unlearned) characteristic. 2) Stimulus generalization might occur from one stimulus to another because we have learned that the two stimuli members of a stimulus common element class- a set of stimuli that have some physical characteristic in common (ex. A house with green shutters and a girl with green socks) 3) Stimulus generalizations are members of an equivalence class- a set of completely DISIMILAR stimuli that an individual had been trained to match together (ex. The words “mutt” and “pooch” and a picture of a dog). Such stimuli are functionally equivalent in the sense that they control the same response. Both stimulus common-element classes and stimulus equivalence classes are called concepts. Response Generalization - respondent stimulus generalization happens when a respondent CR to a new stimulus - This occurs when behaviour becomes more probable in the presence of a stimulus or situation as a result of another behaviour having been strengthened in the presence of that stimulus or situation. - Response generalization occurs for several reasons: 1) Unlearned response generalization due to considerable physical similarity of responses. The more physically similar two responses are, the more unlearned response generalization will occur between them. Example! if you leaned how to perform the forehead shot in racquetball, chances are that you would be able to perform a forehead shot in squash or tennis. Also, you would probably find rollerblading relatively easy to learn if you have first learned to ice sate, because the responses involved in the two activities are similar. 2) Learned response generalization based on minimal Physical similarity of responses. Just as there are large classes of stimuli that www.notesolution.comTransferring Behaviour to New Setting and Making it Last: Generality of Behaviour Change -we say that training produces generality when the trained behaviour transfers from the training situation to the natural environment, when training leads to the development of a new behaviour that has not been specifically trained, or when the trained behaviour is maintain in the natural environment over time. Stimulus Generalization - Occurs when behaviour becomes more probable in the presence of one stimuli or situation as a result f having been reinforced in the presence of another stimulus or situation. - There are several reasons for the occurrence of stimulus generalization: 1) The more physically similar two stimuli are, the more stimulus generalization will occur between them (ex. Two similar looking berries). This is an inherited (or unlearned) characteristic. 2) Stimulus generalization might occur from one stimulus to another because we have learned that the two stimuli members of a stimulus common element class- a set of stimuli that have some physical characteristic in common (ex. A house with green shutters and a girl with green socks) 3) Stimulus generalizations are members of an equivalence class- a set of completely DISIMILAR stimuli that an individual had been trained to match together (ex. The words
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