Class Notes (807,723)
Canada (492,830)
Psychology (7,612)
PSYB45H3 (335)

Lecture Note For PSYB45, Lecture 26

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Christian Campbell

Chapter 26 Helping an Individual to Develop Self-Control -Many problems of self-control involve self-restraint- learning to decrease excessive behaviors that have immediate gratification-such as excessive smoking, eating, drinking, and watching TV. Problems of Behavioral Excesses - One type of self-control problem consists of behavioral excesses-doing too much of something (eating, drinking, etc) and this leads to immediate reinforcers (good taste in food, in drinks, etc). - Immediate reinforcers Vs. Delayed Punishers of a behaviour- if a behavior leads to immediate reinforcers by delayed punishers, the immediate reinforcers often win out. - Immediate Reinforcers versus Cumulatively Significant Punishers for a Behavior- Example- eating too many sweets is immediately reinforced by the good taste, although the cumulative significant punishers (unhealthy for your body) can cause severe health problem in the future. It is the accumulation of extra desserts on many occasions that causes a health problem. - Immediate Small Punishers for a Behavior vs. Reinforcers that are cumulatively significant- Example the accumulation of the benefits of exercising on many occasions is what is noticeable. Many people fail to follow desirable health practices because doing so leads to immediate small punishers, whereas the positive effects, though immediate, are too small to be effected until they have accumulated over many trials. - Immediate Small Punisher for behavior Vs. Immediate but Highly improbably major punisher if the behaviour does not occur- Example if you wore eye protection when playing hockey can prevent serious eye injury, or wearing a helmet when riding a bike. People do not tend to wear safety gear because it may be uncomfortable to wear, or it doesnt look nice or whatever. - Immediate Small punisher for a behavior vs. a delayed Major Punisher if the behavior does not occur. - example when you floss your teeth, it does tend to hurt sometimes (immediate small punishers) because it is an unpleasant feeling, but if you NEVER floss your teeth for long periods of times (exam weeks, months etc) then, chances are in the future you will develop some unhealthy dental hygiene. A Model for Self-Control - An effective model of self-control must deal satisfactorily with the causes of self-control problems described in the preceding section. The model that we describe here has two parts: 1) Requires clear specification of the problem as a behavior to be controlled. 2) Requires that you apply behavioral techniques to manage the problem.
More Less

Related notes for PSYB45H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.