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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

The Token Economy Chapter22 This chapter describes a behavior modification program in which conditioned reinforcers are used systematically to strengthen the desirable behaviors of individuals participating in education or treatment programs Rehabilitating SammySammy is a 14 years old placed in a treatment program for juvenile offenders bc she has involved in vandalism burglary and assaultGoalmaintain desirable prosocial behaviors in the residents and to eliminate antisocial behavior similar to those that had resulted in their placementEach resident received a point for completing each behavior on a daily basisThe residents exchanged the points that they earned for privileges such as playing video games pinball or pool in the game roomThese privileges could be obtained only for points earned for prosocial behaviorPoints were taken away as a punisher for antisocial behavior exhibited by the residentsPoint loss was a response cost procedureSammy progressed through the program she engaged in more prosocial behavior on a daily basis bc these behavior resulted in points and praise from the counselors Defining a Token EconomyToken Economy used with adolescents in a residential treatment programStrengthen clients desirable behavior that occur too infrequently and to decrease their undesirable behaviors in a structured treatment environment or educational settingEach point received by the adolescents for desirable behavior is a tokensomething delivered to a person immediately after a desirable behavior accumulated by the person and later exchanged for backup reinforcersToken is paired with other reinforcersbecomes a conditioned reinforcerFollowing are essential components of a token economy 1 The desirable target behaviors to be strengthened 2 The tokens to be used as conditioned reinforcers 3 The backup reinforcer to be exchanged for the tokens 4 A reinforcement schedule for token delivery 5 The rate at which tokens are exchanged for the backup reinforcers 6 A time and place for exchanging tokens for backup reinforcers Implementing a Token EconomyAfter deciding to use a token economy to strengthen desirable behaviors of clients in a treatment program you must plan the components of the token economy carefully to ensure the success of the programDefining the Target BehaviorsIdentify and define the desirable behaviors that will be reinforced in the programEg Sammys target behaviors were prosocial behaviorsTarget behaviors might included academic skills in an educational setting vocational skills in a residential settingDefine the target behavior carefullyObjective behavioral definitions of the target behavior ensure that the clients know the behaviors are expected of them
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