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18 Pages

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Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 1 Introduction to Behavior ModificationBehaviorwhat people dosayCharacteristics of Behavior Involves actions not labels Involves physical dimensions frequency duration intensity Refers to the process studying effectively not the product getting an A in the course Can be observed described and recorded Has an impact on the environment physical or social Its lawful functional relationship bw behaviorthe environment May be Overt observable or Covert notobservableDimensionsaspects of behaviors that can be measured frequency intensity duration Frequencythe number of times a behavior occurs Durationhow long the behavior lasts Intensitythe physical force involved in the behavior eg Bench pressing 200 lbsOvert Behavioran action that can be observedrecorded by a person other than the one engaging in the behaviorCovert Behaviorbehaviors not observable to others private events eg thinkingBehavior Modificationfield of psychology concerned with analyzing and modifying human behavior used for changing problem behaviors but cannot change personality traits such as autismCharacteristics of Behavior Modification Focuses on behavioral excesses or deficits Based on basic behavioral principles Emphasis on current environmental events antecedentsconsequences Procedures are clearly described Measurement of behavior change immediatelongterm No emphasis on the past Rejection of underlying causes explanatory fictions medical vs behavioral model Treatment implanted by people in everyday lifeTarget Behaviorthe behavior that is being modifiedBehavior Excesstoo much of an undesirable target behaviorthe person wants to decrease it in frequency duration or intensity eg smokingBehavioral Deficitnot enough of a desirable target behaviorthe person wants to increase it in frequency duration or intensity eg studying or exerciseHistorical Roots1 Ivan Pavlov Through experimentation he introducedConditioned reflex Respondant conditioning aka Classical Conditioning2 Edward Thorndike Law of Effect a behavior that produces a favorable effect on the environment is more likely to be repeated in the future animal intelligence3 John WatsonBehavior is only controlled by the environment Stimulusresponse psychology Little Albert experiments Father of Behaviorism4 BF Skinner Advanced Behaviorism Discriminated bw RespondantOperant conditioning Basic principles of Operant Behavior Father of Behavior ModificationAreas of Application Developmental disabilities Rehabilitation Mental illness Community Psychology EducationSpecial Education Clinicalcounseling psychology BusinessIndustry SelfMgmt Child MgmtParenting Prevention Sports Health psychologybehavioral medicine Gerontology the study of agingExperimental Analysis of Behaviorthe scientific study of behavior or behavior analysisApplied Behavior Analysisthe scientific study of human behavior Controlling Variablesevents in the environment that affect behavior
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