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PSYB57 – Memory and Cognition Lec 2.docx

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Michael Inzlicht

PSYB57 – Memory and Cognition Lec 2 5/13/2013 10:16:00 AM Professor Pare The Foundations of Cognitive Psychology Chapter 1: The Science of the Mind What is cognitive psychology? - A way to study memories, concentration, how we make decisions, etc. Talking about a broad range of things such as; perception, language, knowledge and concept formation, problem solving, judgment and decision making (eg. quality discrimination), a scientific way of studying the mind and how we think “Betsy wanted to bring Jacob a paper. She shook her refrigerator. It made no sound. She went to look for her mother.” suffered from seizures in his 20s, the surgeries lead to amnesia where he couldn‟t form new memories died at around age 82 - After surgery he remembered mostly everything prior to the surgery such as childhood etc. however after the surgery he could not form new memories - conclusion: working memory is not effected much like other memory sections - could not grieve for a dead uncle - had little sense of himself, he couldn‟t remember if he‟d done good things or bad things in the past or what he was like, couldn‟t judge what type of person he was Brief History: Introspection - Wundt and his student Titchener began the study of experimental psychology in the 1800s. - they looked at mental events such as conscious mental events that weren‟t necessarily talked about in terms of biology - wanted to know if they can study something that was within, can we study our thoughts and proposed to do this through introspection - example of introspection: thinking about myself, my thoughts and why I am doing that eg. Angry at someone and wonder why you‟re angry at them etc - realized that the skill to be able to study the mind/ conscious mental activity through introspection needs to be taught in order to be done properly - they started to believe there is a problem with this method; thoughts are not directly observable - impossible to test objectively Brief History: Behaviorism - observable behavior ignoring what is happening in the mind and determine that behavior based on what we can objectively study and that is how behaviorism overcame the limitations posed by introspection - behaviorism uncovered principles of how behavior changes in response to stimuli, such as rewards and punishments - problems with behaviorism: stimulus- response accounts are not enough, not everyone reacts the same way to stimuli, there are other things that happen other then a strict response to a stimuli - behavior has a „mental‟ cause Brief History: Cognitive Revolution - from introspection and behaviorism, experimental psychologist learned that: - introspective methods for studying mental events are not scientific - however, we need to study mental ev
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