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detailed chapter 11 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ted Petit

Lecture Notes Lecture 11: Brain Damage and Language: The Aphasias 1 3 BASIC THINGS THAT CAN HAPPEN WITH LANGUAGE 1. Input and deciphered 2. Language is integrated and computed 3. Language is outputted or expressed. How Language works Language comes in to the primary receptive area in the temporal lobe, then it is sent to the Wernickes area behind it to be decoded and understood, then it is sent to the Brocas area for language output. APHASIAS Language problems are usually referred to as aphasias. Receptive Aphasias (Receiving language) Pure Word Deafness It is problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow the understanding of discourse. (They can hear sounds but cannot comprehend language) Involves some sort of stroke in the dorsal portion of temporal lobe near the primary receptive area for audition. What they can cannot do: They have a normal ability to read write and speak. They cannot repeat what is said, and cannot obey verbal commands. Integrative Aphasias (Understanding language) Involves problems in selecting and arranging meaning units and their eventual conversion into comprehen
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