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Chapter 9- Emotion

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Ted Petit

Chapter 9Emotion Module 91 Emotion o Plato thought head was for reason liver for desire and heart for anger o Aristotle changes in heart temperature were changes in emotional state passion is instinctive emotion is with intellect too What is Emotion A Definition of Emotion o Emotional states the physical sensation of emotion and the cognitive experience or feeling of emotion itself Emotions the physiological changes in the bodyFeelings the cognitive experience of emotionsBoth processed in distinct neural circuit which work togetherPerceived by monitoring physiological change in bodies and self monitor subjective cognitive statesEmotional states produce internal and external behaviours and can provoke emotional states in others Basic Emotional States o Darwin expression of emotions in man and animals suggested there are universal emotional states evolved from similar expression in non humans and have adaptive value however he did not do cross cultural studies and did not suggest it was localized in the brain o Ekman and Friesen tested the Fore people and found they were accurate in matching faces with stories and attributing emotional states to photographs and made similar expressions to europeansHas been replicated babies as young as 4 months appear to evaluate emotional expression of others o Basic Emotions happiness sadness fear anger surprise and disgustSeven elements of basic emotional stateDistinctive facial expressionDistinctive physiological stateFacial expression and physiological state occur together and are hard to separateInstantaneous onset of both which lasts only for brief durationDistinctive eliciting stimuliAutomatic appraisal of eliciting stimuliSimilar expression of emotional states in the related primatesHowever there are some valid emotions without facial expression ex Jealousy greedmay be as these states are better kept privateOther possibilities awe contempt embarrassment excitement guilt interest shame and surprise The Adaptive Value of Emotional States o Common phobias and fears are elicited by stimuli that are relevant to survival ex Snakes o Emotions may motivate us to perform adaptive behaviours ex Fear of speaking in public o Act as signals to ensure that behaviours do or do not occur appropriately ex In social situations
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