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Ted Petit (310)
Lecture 8

PSYB65- Lecture 8.docx

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Ted Petit

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PSYB65 Lecture 8CNS depressants are broken down into three categories barbiturates nonbarbiturates alcoholBarbiturates are generally lower brain excitability GABBA are one of the transmitter substancessystems and are the primary inhibitory transmitter inside of the CNS of humans and barbiturates stimulateactivate these GABBA receptors barbiturates are synergistic with most other depressants combination of barbiturates and alcohol can be extremely deadly Marilyn Monroe primarily used as sedatives to put people to asleep particularly for older patients also used to treat epilepsy also used as an antianxiety the problem with using it in sleep is that people spend less time in REM sleep so it is not quality sleep since it is a depressant whenever you come off it there is an over activation of the CNS and that can be life threatening convulsions seizures upon withdrawal since it is synergistic you can give them alcohol when trying to prevent withdrawal symptomsAlcohol is derived by yeast digesting sugar and secreting alcohol accounts for the largest admission into mental hospitals 2040 of all beds in psychiatric hospitals are taken up by alcoholics 55 of all arrests the person was impaired in terms of homicide 5075 of all murderers the person was drinking 50 of all drivers deaths one of the drivers was impaired 2030 of people who commit suicide were impaired the US had a prohibition in alcohol from 19201933 but not so in Canada which lead to illegal alcohol smuggling initially all of the horrible numbers began to drop but by 1930 all of the numbers had come back to exactly where they were preprohibition actually in addition they had a whole bunch of other problems that they did not previously have alcohol we drink is ethanol but if not made properly it can have methanol
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