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Lecture 10

PSYB65- Lecture 10.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ted Petit

PSYB65 Lecture 10Alexia is a deficit in reading agraphia is a problem in writingThere are three major categories of aphasia receptive aphasias deal with receiving and understanding languagedecoding integrative aphasias these involve problems in comprehension and formation of language expressive aphasias problems in expressing language or problems in getting language outCan you obey instructions Can you identify an object Can you read write speak Receptive aphasias Pure word deafness involves problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow the understanding of discourse meaning the person can hear the sounds but cannot distinguish language quote from a patient voice comes but no words I can hear sounds come but words dont separate There is no trouble at all with sound Sounds come I can hear but I cannot understand it these patients havea normal ability to read write or speakcannot understand themselves when they hear themselves speakIntegrative aphasias are problems in selecting and arranging meaningful units and their eventual conversion into comprehensible coherent speech so basically these are about the nuts and bolts of speech and being able to truly comprehendintegrate what speech meansWernickes aphasia sometimes referred to as jargon aphasia speak with unintelligible statements severity is dependent on the size and location of the damage often times they will chatter for long periods of time without making any sense whatsoever rhythm of language is still intact in really extreme cases they might not use real or recognizable words in terms of naming they usually cannot name objects very well but in milder cases they are usually close
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