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Lecture 11

Lecture 11 - Neuropsychology of learning and memory

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Ted Petit

Lecture 11 Chapter 8 and 16 (Hearing and Language Processing and Neurological Assessment) Neuropsychology of brain damage and language: The aphasias 1) Language gets in an deciphered: details of what the language mean 2) Computational part of language: how it is integrated 3) Output mechanism: one you get it all together, to get it out; how it is expressed All three controlled by different areas in the brain Language problems are aphasias Figure out what they can do o What can a person with Brocas aphasia do?: can they follow instructions? Receptive aphasias: receiving language Pure word deafness: problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow the understanding of discourse o Breaking apart sounds to o Making language sense out of language can hear sounds but cannot distinguish language o Quote from patient with affliction: Voice comes but no words. I can hear. Sounds come but words dont separate. There is no trouble at all with sound. Sounds come, I can hear but I cannot understand it o Information is coming in and cant decode it o Like listening to a language you dont understand o Usually involves information coming into the temporal lobe where it gets decoded, and a problem such as pure word deafness is due to some sort of damage to the area a little posterior dorsal portion of the temporal lobe o A receptive problem
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