Week 6 PSYC12
Lecture 5 – Prejudiced Personality
Modern Prejudice (continued...)
Police officers tend to shoot black person with an object in their hand that look like a gun and less likely
to shoot a white person that is actually holding a gun
Are police officers more likely to shoot a black person holding a gun than shooting a white person?
- Expectancies about social categories guide interpretation
- generalize from group to member
- does black stereotype affect shooting decisions?
- Video game: make shoot/don't shoot decisions
- Target is black vs. white
- Target is holding gun vs. non-gun
- tend to shoot armed black person more so than armed white person
- tend to shoot un-armed black person more than un-armed white person
- People tend to make less decision errors with armed person and more errors in decision making with
- This is called the "shooter bias"
Is there such a thing as a prejudiced personality?
Although it is debatable, there are probably constellations of traits that can make someone prejudiced.
So thus, prejudiced personalities do exist.
Submissive to authority, strict adherence to social norms, rigid thinkers
Freudian Approach: strict disciplinarian parents, project deviant impulses to out-group
- Submissive to authority, aggression towards out-groups, conventional thinking
- Politically conservative, equal opportunity bigots
According to authoritarianism, authoritarians should target everyone, not any specific group
Social Dominance Orientation (SDO)
It is an ideology about how the world is and how the world ought to be
- Philosophical ideology and not personality
- Preference for inequality among social groups
- Hard workers and smart people should be rewarded, and lazy people should not be
- Higher status groups tend to be high in SDO
- SDO provides a "legitimizing myth" for the rich, educated, and successful
Who is high and low in SDO?
- Occupational status (police vs. public defender)
- Group status (men vs. women)
Pratto & Shih, 2000
- High SDOs show more explicit bias
- Do they show implicit bias too? Week 6 PSYC12
- High and low SDOs
- Evaluative priming task
- presented with good and bad words; evaluate word
- Before word, subjects primed with pronouns (us vs. them)
-reactions time for words paired with pronouns
Study 1 - high vs. low SDOs
Result: people low in SDO show in-group favouritism and no out-group derogation
People high in SDO also show in-group favouritism and no out-group derogation
Study 2 - high vs. low SDO after threat (e.g., Stanford students shown SAT scores of Harvard students)
Result: LSDO show in-group favoritism and no out-group d