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Michael Inzlicht

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PSYC12 Lecture # 6: Experiencing Prejudice WINTER 2013 Relevant Textbook: Chapter 6 Class Overview  The Target’s Perspective  A Model of Stigma  The Self-Protective Properties of Stigma  Moderating Characteristics  Negative Consequences of Stigma Defenses  Movie Time (if Time Permits) What’s it like to be a target?  Opened with a film clip on the preference of dolls – is it a matter of self-esteem or is it a matter of familiarity?  Product of Self Esteem vs. Product of Familiarity?  Evidence like this shows that it is important to research the perspective of those who are prejudiced against Change of Perspective  Hate motivated crime against gay people – Case of Matthew Shepard  Wyoming -> two men were looking for a fight, went to a gay bar, lured Matthew Sheppard and beat up to death  Wyoming laws have now changed to include sexual orientation in anti-hate crime stories  The Laramie Project Let’s look at the target’s point of view  We have look at the perspective of perceiver’s point of view (how do stereotypes emerge, how are stereotypes maintained, who is most likely to be prejudiced, how has prejudice changed over time  None of these questions examine the experiences of those who face prejudice  Lion’s story will never be told as long as the hunter is the one telling the story  Need to know what’s it like to be on the receiving end of things Stigma – Definition by Goffman  Possession of a trait/characteristics that is devalued by society  Stigmatized have “spoiled identity” – less positive, other  Are discriminated against – main hallmark of stigma  Types of Stigma (Goffman, 1963) o Abominations of body (overweight, obese, facial deformities, congenital flaws, constant sweating, short, stuttering) o Blemishes of character (promiscuous, dementia, anorexia) o Tribal markers (race, gender, religion, creed)  I Clicker Question: Aged 73 – what kind of stigma is it? Could be tribal marker, abomination of body, and even blemishes of character Are Males the New Targets of Stigma?  Can men be victims based on their gender?  News article – men claim discrimination at work o Affirmative action – is like reverse discrimination o I’m not being selected because I am a man A Model of Stigma Reactions  Major & O’Brien, 2005 PSYC12 Lecture # 6: Experiencing Prejudice WINTER 2013 o There are three things that impact whether or not a person makes a identity threat appraisals  Collective representations – context, where are you?  Situational cues - # of people, majority or minority?  Personal characteristics – stigma conscious? Self esteem? Personality? o Identity Threat Appraisal o Non volitional responses (Involuntary) vs. Volitional responses (Voluntary)  Involuntary – stress, racing thoughts  Voluntary – things you can do to control the situation, cognitive strategy to help you cope o Outcomes = Stress Reponses + Coping Strategy  Failing Test, Making a Friend Major & O’Brien, 2005  Collective Representations: o Culture o Meta-stereotype – your knowledge of stereotypes about yourself?  Situational Cues: Cues communicating stigma relevance  Personal: Individual Differences in Perception & Appraisal  Threat Appraisal: Is Stigma Relevant? Am I threatened?  Involuntary Responses: Anxiety, Disruption, Vigilance  Voluntary Response: Coping with Threat, Blaming Discrimination, Limit Social Comparisons, Disidentification  Outcomes: Self-Esteem, Performance, Health How do Muslims cope at the airport?  Case Study: Inzlicht noticed a visibly Muslim man not comfortable at the airport on a flight to India o Collective Representations o Situational Cues: islamophobic place o Personal Characteristics o Non-volitional responses - stressed o Volitional response – stood straight to cope o Possible Outcomes: Scared, Worried, Nervous, Stress o Moderating Factors  you can cope, reappraise the situation! Stigma’s Self-Protective Properties  Anatomy of Prejudice  Teacher facilitates a learning simulation of prejudice based on brown eyes vs. blue eyes  Blue Eyes are the better people in the room  Blue eyes got 5 minutes more recess, blue eyes put collars on black  Felt hopeless, felt powerless, Stigma & Self Esteem  Stigmatized are disadva
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