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Michael Inzlicht

PSYC12 WINTER 2013 Lecture #7: Stereotype Threat 1 Movie Time  Psychometrics: measuring the mind o SATs - Cognitive o Intelligence - Cognitive o Subject Tests - Cognitive Model of Stigma  Identity Threat o Collective representation o Situational cues o Personal Characteristics  Non Volitional or Volitional Responses  Leads to Outcomes Male-Female Math Performance Difference  Data shows the increased performance of Men vs. Women in different stages of life, the difference between male and female math performance, there is a difference favoring men and boys Black-White IQ Distribution  Change in IQ between Blacks and Whites Genetics  Intelligence is highly heritable  High correlation between parent IQ and child IQ  IQ of identical twins is highly related, more than fraternal  IQ of identical twins reared apart is highly related  IQ of adopted children is related to IQ of biological mother, less related to IQ of adopted mother Environment  Environment also plays a role  IQ of identical twins reared apart is LESS RELATED than IQ of identical twins reared together  IQ of fraternal twins is MORE STRONGLY related than IQ of regular siblings o They have the same exact levels of genetic overlap but environment different  IQ of adopted children is more similar than unrelated individuals reared apart  Impoverished environments related to lower IQ Nature vs. Nurture?  Both Nature and Nurture contribute to intelligence  But genetics certainly plays a role o Heritability index = 0.50 (may be as high as 0.65)  If within group-difference has genetic component perhaps between group difference ha genetic component too o No! Between-group differences may be caused by different factors than within- group difference Does the Difference exist?  Intellectual Performance – reveal robust difference (whether biased or not)  But what does this difference mean? o Tests are culturally biased? PSYC12 WINTER 2013  External bias – favors white culture  Internal bias – may be measuring different things  Oarsman and Regatta o Immigrants would not be exposed to such words in general through their cultures or experiences  Eminem: 50 Cent o This is biased towards young people Environment  SES and IQ are positively related o If groups are over-represented in low SES, will also be over-represented in low IQ  Match Black-White Environment o Black children adopted by White parents have higher IQ than non-adopted Blacks o Difference in Black/White IQ diminished when socioeconomic status is matched Resolution?  When tests culturally “ma
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