Class Notes (838,095)
Canada (510,678)
Psychology (7,785)
PSYC12H3 (387)
Lecture

Lecture10.PSYC12.docx

4 Pages
117 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Semester
Winter

Description
LECTURE # 10 – REDUCING PREJUDICE AND ITS EFFECTS PESSIMISM IN PREJUDICE RESEARCH  Stereotypes are functional and adaptive  Our world conspires to make us more prejudiced  Stereotypes are automatic, implicit, inevitable  Prejudice have long term effects on targets INDIVIDUAL APPROACHES  Context & Associations o Implicit stereotypes change depending on context  Wittenbrink et al. 2001  Movie and IAT – People EXPOSED to POSITIVE images had reduced IAT effects  Priming in Context – make a difference on the IAT at least o Implicit stereotypes CHANGE after TRAINING  Kawakami & Phillis 2007 -- > Joystick Study  Push the joystick when you see a white face (Approach), pull the joystick when you see a black face (Avoid) – vs. opposite vs. sideways control  Then did IAT  Results: Diminished pro white bias when they did push joystick for black face (Approach)  Proof of concept that you can change attitudes, they are permanent, can change by context, by popular culture etc.  Counter-stereotypic role models o Women’s colleges present natural experiment into how women’s beliefs are shaped by exposure to women in counter-stereotypic leadership positions  Compare women in co-ed vs. all women in colleges  Dasgupta & Asgari, 2004 o Hypothesis:  Women in women’s colleges will have less stereotyped views of women than women in co-ed colleges  This difference is due to exposure to counter-stereotypical women, not to pre-existing differences o Method  Women in women’s vs. co-ed colleges  Women in math vs. non-math classes  DV  IAT  Male + Leader/Female + Supporter vs. Female +Leader/Male + Supporter o Exposure to counter-stereotypical role models can reduce stereotypical associations  This is especially the case in stereotyped domains o Results: Positive = men as leaders, women as supporters, Negative = men as supporters, women as leaders o Women’s college showed a negative trend meaning they see men more as supporters, and women more as leaders o Co-ed college – women associating men as leaders more than women who are more likely seen as supporters o In Math Classes, we see the effect of males as leaders in exacerbated in coeducational college, whereas women have little to negative trend o It is arguing it is NOT about PRE-EXISTING DIFFERENCES o Maybe its not about role models but its about the type of environment you are in o Likely its both because of role models and peers GROUP-BASED APPROACHES  GENERALIZATION o Positive contact between group members isn’t enough, need sustained change or else you will just get subtyping o How does change come about?  Generalization from target to entire social category  Differentiation of out-group members: high variability  Reduce meaningfulness of social category, decategorization  COMMON IN GROUP IDENTITY o Super-ordinate goals create common identity akin to Robber’s Cave and 911 o Allows for decategorization and recatego
More Less

Related notes for PSYC12H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit