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Glick and Fiske article notes.pdf

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Michael Inzlicht

Glick and Fiske, 2001 PSYC12 An Ambivalent Alliance – Hostile and Benevolent Sexism as Complementary Justifications for Gender Inequality The Nature of Sexism - Allport (1954) In the Nature of Prejudice – defined prejudice as antipathy based upon a faulty and inflexible generalization o Vicious positive feedback loop between antipathy and social inequality whereby the members of the low status group by endorse such system-justifying ideologies o Patriarchy is widespread and women are a disadvantaged group o How can a group be universally disadvantaged but loved?  Women are wonderful effect – Carpenter 2000 o Eagly and Mladinic (1993) – communal positive traits such as nurturing, helpful, and warm suit them for domestic roles whereas men are presumed to possess associated with competence (independent, ambitious, competitive)  Favorable female traits may ascribe them to a more subordinate role when manifested - Dominant groups prefer to act warmly towards subordinates because they know their place and only act harshly when subordinates are ACTING up o Crux of prejudice may not be antipathy but SOCIAL INEQUALITY o Women treated with patronizing association thereby reinforcing gender inequality Why Benevolent Prejudices Matter - Benevolent sexism is a subtle form of prejudice - Sidanium, Pratto, Bobo (1994) - hostile and benevolent sexism are presumed to be legitimizing ideologies – beliefs that justify and maintain inequality between groups o Analogous to “White Man’s Burden” of civilizing Africans - Benevolent sexism is disarming as it reduces a women’s resistance to patriarchy o Favorable characterization of women AND use of men’s power will be to the woman’s advantage o Those women who scored higher in benevolent sexism may perceive discrimination by nonintimate men as justifiable as well overt hostile discrimination by husband (only if they did not have paid employment and dependent on husband for finances) - Women who endorse benevolent sexism are more likely to tolerate rather than challenge sexist behavior when the sexist’s motivation can be interpreted as protective. Hostile and Benevolent Sexism – Universal Prejudices? - Predictable Products of the traditional gender relations in human societies because o Men have more status and power than women typically (Patriarchy) o Men and women have different social roles and trait ascriptions (Gender Differentiation) o Male-female relations are conditioned by sexual reproduction (Sexual Reproduction) - All three of the above reasons causes hostile and benevolent attitudes towards the other sex - Hostile sexism – Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) o Patriarchy – seek to justify their privileges through ideologies of superiority Glick and Fiske, 2001 PSYC12 o Gender differentiation – exaggerated perceived difference with other groups o Sexual Reproduction – men upset that women can use their sexual attractiveness to gain power over them - Benevolent sexism – Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI) o Patriarchy – protect weaker but essential group o Sexual Differentiation – reliant on women due to social roles cleaning, domestic duties o Sexual Reproduction – reliant on women for sexual pleasure and offspring - Benevolent and hostile sexism are positively correlated, and as one increases, the other does as well showing they are appearing to be complementary ideologies - Benevolent Sexism/ Hostile Sexism o Patriarchy – Protective Paternalism/ women use try to get or control men o Gender Differentiation – women are purer than men/ women get offended easily Heterosexuality – women complete men with their love/ women are teases sometimes Polarized Images of Women - Ambivalence is usually conceptualized as either the simultaneous experience of or an oscillation between conflicting feelings or beliefs such as loving and hating the same individual at the same time - Glick et al. reasoned that women are subtyped in to various kinds such as house
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