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Lecture 6

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Michael Inzlicht

Psychology of Prejudice A neglected area in the psychology of prejudice is a target perspective. Thus far, we have asked what is prejudice, where does it come from, how is it maintained, what stays same, who carries it out? But we have not asked another fundamental question which is what is it like to be a victim of prejudice? How does it affect someone? How does it affect their behaviours, their trust, their academic performance? These are questions we shall be addressing now. A powerful model of stigma is going to be looked at Then we shall talk about how in some sense there are some ironic effects. If people who feel part of a group, why do they feel the same as those not in a group? Some moderating characteristics are thigs that determine if someone faces negative consequences of engaging in prejudice or being part of prejudice. When we will watch a movie. What is like to be a target? Kerry davis made a film. In 1954, Kerry asked black children which doll is a nice doll and 15/20 children picked white dolls and they mirrored psychologist’s results: Dr. Clarke. Doesn’t mean that every black child thinks that, and Kerry took it personally. This study even when it does multiple times shows the same black/white effects. Black children think white doll is good doll, like white dolls, yet thing black doll is what looks like them, and this leds to children still thinking like this, but some of the initital conclusions of this study may not be measured the same, but we’re talking about this to show how black people perceive themselves. A shy young gay man lived in yvoming ad walked into a gay bar with other like mided individuals and these two heterosexual men walk in there, they pick him up, matthew got into their truck and these two men took matthew to a farm and took back of a gun and bashed his head in and ties his arms like jesus like jesus and tied his legs with a shoelaces and matthew was found later and he was rushed to the hospital, but it was alandmark story of how intolerance can be. In Vyoming, there are laws for punishing criminals for hate crimes than other crimes, and in yvoming , sexual orientation was not a basis on which a hate crime could be made, was not the case in the us. But there was a play made here in utsc called the Laramie project and they told the story of latthew shepard. What was like for matthew shepherd living in a homophobic culture. We should answer these questions. Psychology of prejudice doesn’t really look at this, lots of research is o the perceiver, but there is a shift and we shall look at the target’s view now. Stigma Sociologists discussed it Said stigmatized people have an identity that is not fresh, is not good as other identities, and stigmatized people are discriminated against. Types of stigma: Abomination of body-one physical characteristics that leada one to be stigmatized Blemishes of character Tribal marker-ethnicity, race 1) Is fat people being stigmatized under, cleft lip people, people look and stare at it. Also people who sweat a lot and you’ve noticed that when people have pit stains, then people make fun of them. 2) Blemishes of character- people struggle with mental illness and they suffer and they are hidden, but when you hear someoe talk about them, you start judgig them, ad people talk about eating disorders and mental disorders and they are made fun of. 3) Tribal markers- ethnicity, markers of race, clothing they wear These external markers are the basis upon which people are judged. There is not a right answer as its not ethnicity and race, so in our culture age is a stigma. People are judged based on age and people in the 50s who are trying to get a job find that age is a stigma. Elderly people come with a whole wealth of experience but older people do have real experience. Age is a little of abomination of body as well as abomination of character. Body is compromised, and there are also age related decline to cognitive capacities. We judge them based on this. Number of years ago, there was an article that talked about discrimination and sexism experienced by men. Bias does not go in any one direction. Some different unfair treatment of one sex versus another is bias ad there is a whole article on how women are mistreated, but maybe men feel the same way. Men are expected to be stronger and men are stronger and if a man tries to get a job at retail clothing, they get turned down because they want women sales people, and at the gym, they started women’s only physed hour. All bias means treating one sex different than the other. So by preferentially selecting geoups for something. Men may want men physed hours. Men do think this is inequality, and there are all sorts of discrimination in terms of sex. A model of stigma reactions What is the culture like? – collective representations- what are the expectations like? What is that specific proximal situation like? What are the characteristics of the person like? Are they strong in the domain they are being questioned in? If you do judge the situation or person or culture along stereotypical lines, you have a set of responses, you have nonvoilitional responses- changes in heart rate, respiratory rate, bre
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