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Lecture 2

lecture 2 and 4

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Sisi Tran

PSYC14H3 LECTURE 2 - Quality of life is how happy you are - For hunter gatherers: - For farmer communities there was status and there was a frame of reference and people were able to compare their lives to others where as hunter gatherers everyone had the same lot and had the same - Modern day: the quality of life is never going to be good because u will always have someone better to compare yourself too, people stop asking about the quality of life and just work hard at a higher standard of living - Standard of living: is material Environment and evolutionary adaptedness - How we evolved over time - Homo habilis used a rock as a tool instead of a stick - Homo erectus first species able to use and control fire - Homo sapiens with the big frontal lobe, art, culture and religion - What has the advancement done to our culture? Advantages and disadvantages - Communicating ideas faster, acceleration of cultural change, loss of culture because were more isolated and independent than before, we rely on technology more than people - Were becoming more homogenous and independent Other aspects of ecology - Is the resources available and is it available to all, if resources are scarce than it breeds competition and it leads people to be a little harsher and a very strong ingroup and outgroup mentality u become a little paranoid - Resource mobility: when you can move your resourses, - Cultural isolation: the less exposure a culture they have, the more they have a tightly held standard of social norms - Activity interdependence: where ur thinking of other peole and communal needs - Dangerous activities: in some cultures there are occupations that are very dangerous e.g. oil refinery those who put themselves in danger all the time are revered and have high status bc they put themselves at risk everyday - Population density: more people there are the more tight or homogenous cultural norms, more people to punish you for doing something wrong unless the population is so dense that they don’t notice you and it doesn’t matter anymore - Simple-complex societies; simple societies are more egalitarian bc u have what I have, in complex societies develop stronger hierarchies - Migrations: separate people from there in-group develops an individualistic culture, whne your not part of the ingroup culture u have no one to punish you for trying something new so it allows them to experiment - Climate: cold climates tend to stay inside and develop into a culture of isolation and - Unpredictability of the environment: when the environment or climate is unpredictable and u develop a culture that is much more spontaneous and don’t plan bu - Terrain fragmentation: when the land fragments and u see that ideas are not trnmitted between because ppl get separated History of a culture Environment of culture Maintenance systems Adult learning environment Child learning environment The individual Expressive system All iof this is called phylogeny and is the cause of how we developed Lecture 4 before beginning - Once u have cultures of interest - You observe them -> thoughts feeling and behaviors - You can find a collaborator who is from the culture that you are studying - You can start with more open ended questions in order to start formulating a survey - You have to have an idea before u even start your research - Then you have to know whats out there - Do your reading-ethnograppgies, books and people with others who can give you insight Insiders vs outsiders - You need both perspectives - We don’t want to be bias i
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