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Lecture 11

PSYC14 Lecture 11.doc

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Sisi Tran

Lec 11: • A multicultural environment indicates that there are a more diverse experiences had by people in the group • Globalization: we communicate with people around the world from different cultures via technology and international business o Global civilization: societal boundaries are not described spatially- but rather exist in terms of the connectedness of people. 2 societies do not necessarily have to be separated in space to be independent, or vice versa • Children from cross-cultural marriages are exposed to more different cultural elements. They develop multicultural identities, etc. o People who have immigrated also maintain this cultural duality. The heritage culture is maintained within the household sometimes; the education system is different (children talk more and “discuss”); the migrant parents have a role reversal when kids begin to teach the parents • The psychological adjustment: o Acquiring a new language o Learning interpersonal and social behaviours (sometimes a person might not even know they are doing something wrong the whole time) o Becoming accustomed to new values (when children talk back more to their parents).  So much new cultural info can result in culture shock o Might become a member of a minority group, and possible face prejudice o Having to adjust one’s self concept • People who are acculturating have varying experiences (because they move for different reasons) o Moving to be closer to family, leaving as a refugee, etc. • The experiences are different for everyone also because people can migrate to a Psefuo- cultural haven (ex: Chinese people moving to Toronto china-town) o There can be homogeneous, heterogeneous (maybe discriminating), or expatriating environments (where everybody is different but they share in a common and accepting culture) • People also move to places with varying Cultural Distance. Ex: moving from USA to Canada is a lot different than moving from USA to Japan. • Multi-cultural fusion: to combination of multiple elements from 2 different cultures • Acculturation vs Enculturation • Learning a new culture vs maintain the original/heritage culture • Berry et al. described 4 different strategies to of integrating a multicultural identity (slide 12) o Integration o Separation o Assimilation o Marginalization • There are other ways to consider how people form a multicultural identity. Considering the work by LaFramboise et al.: o Integration: identity becomes blended into 1 coherent identity. Multicultural identities becomes added together, and you only ever have 1 cultural identity o Alternation: switching back and forth among the cultural identities depending on the context. Ex: I go to china town and I feel asian; I go to dundas square and i feel western o Synergy: new identities are created out of contact with different cultural models. Creating a new creole culture that creates new words from the Chinese and English words • Benet-Martinez et al. Bicultural Identity Integration. A person’s subjective perception of how their dual cultural identities interest. o There can be low BII (little cultural identity switchi
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